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shore1

[shawr, shohr] /ʃɔr, ʃoʊr/
noun
1.
the land along the edge of a sea, lake, broad river, etc.
2.
some particular country:
my native shore.
3.
land, as opposed to sea or water:
a marine serving on shore.
4.
Law. the space between the ordinary high-water and low-water mark.
adjective
5.
of, pertaining to, or located on land, especially land along the edge of a body of water:
a marine on shore duty.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English schore, Old English scora; cognate with Middle Dutch, Middle Low German schore; perhaps akin to shear
Synonyms
1. strand, margin. Shore, bank, beach, coast refer to an edge of land abutting on an ocean, lake, or other large body of water. Shore is the general word: The ship reached shore. Bank denotes the land along a river or other watercourse, sometimes steep but often not: The river flows between its banks. Beach refers to sandy or pebbly margins along a shore, especially those made wider at ebb tide: a private beach for bathers. Coast applies only to land along an ocean: the Pacific coast.

shore2

[shawr, shohr] /ʃɔr, ʃoʊr/
noun
1.
a supporting post or beam with auxiliary members, especially one placed obliquely against the side of a building, a ship in drydock, or the like; prop; strut.
verb (used with object), shored, shoring.
2.
to support by or as if by a shore or shores; prop (usually followed by up):
to shore up a roof; government subsidies to shore up falling corn prices.
Origin
1300-50; (noun) Middle English; cognate with Middle Low German, Middle Dutch schore prop; (v.) shoren, derivative of the noun
Synonyms
1. brace, buttress, stay.

shore3

[shawr, shohr] /ʃɔr, ʃoʊr/
verb (used with object), shored, shoring. Scot. and North England
1.
to threaten (someone).
2.
to offer or proffer (something).
Origin
1325-75; Middle English (Scots) schore < ?
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for shores
  • He wants to return, to hear the song the stars sing, on the shores of the great sea.
  • Oysters were eaten on both shores, as were mussels and periwinkles.
  • Lobster is an integral ingredient to the cuisine, indigenous to the shores of the region.
  • And the shores of the red sea with historical and descriptive illustrations.
  • These waters were named in reference to the people living on their shores.
  • It remains a popular attraction, hosting regattas, and theatrical events on its shores.
  • Geology the shores of cook strait on both sides are mostly composed of steep cliffs.
British Dictionary definitions for shores

shore1

/ʃɔː/
noun
1.
the land along the edge of a sea, lake, or wide river related adjective littoral
2.
  1. land, as opposed to water (esp in the phrase on shore)
  2. (as modifier): shore duty
3.
(law) the tract of coastland lying between the ordinary marks of high and low water
4.
(often pl) a country: his native shores
verb
5.
(transitive) to move or drag (a boat) onto a shore
Word Origin
C14: probably from Middle Low German, Middle Dutch schōre; compare Old High German scorra cliff; see shear

shore2

/ʃɔː/
noun
1.
a prop, post, or beam used to support a wall, building, ship in dry dock, etc
verb
2.
(transitive) often foll by up. to prop or make safe with or as if with a shore
Derived Forms
shoring, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Middle Dutch schōre; related to Old Norse skortha prop

shore3

/ʃɔː/
verb
1.
(Austral & NZ) a past tense of shear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for shores

shore

n.

"land bordering a large body of water," c.1300, from an Old English word or from Middle Low German schor "shore, coast, headland," or Middle Dutch scorre "land washed by the sea," all probably from Proto-Germanic *skur-o- "cut," from PIE *(s)ker- (1) "to cut" (see shear (v.)).

According to etymologists originally with a sense of "division" between land and water. But if the word began on the North Sea coast of the continent, it might as well have meant originally "land 'cut off' from the mainland by tidal marshes" (cf. Old Norse skerg "an isolated rock in the sea," related to sker "to cut, shear"). Old English words for "coast, shore" were strand (n.), waroþ, ofer. Few Indo-European languages have such a single comprehensive word for "land bordering water" (Homer uses one word for sandy beaches, another for rocky headlands). General application to "country near a seacoast" is attested from 1610s.

v.

mid-14c., "to prop, support with a prop;" of obscure etymology though widespread in West Germanic; cf. Middle Dutch schooren "to prop up, support," Old Norse skorða (n.) "a piece of timber set up as a support." Related: Shored; shoring. Also as a noun, "post or beam for temporary support of something" (mid-15c.), especially an oblique timber to brace the side of a building or excavation.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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