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short-term memory

noun
1.
information retained in the brain and retrievable from it over a brief span of time (contrasted with long-term memory).
Origin
1965-1970
1965-70
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for short-term memory
  • It divides human memory into three stages or parts: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory.
  • He has lost the ability to convert short-term memory into long-term memory.
  • When using informational texts, students can easily overload their short-term memory.
  • But the broader public, those with eyes and ears and functioning short-term memory, are not so cocooned.
  • Repeating a phone number soon after hearing it, for instance, uses short-term memory.
  • As a result, they squandered less short-term memory on irrelevant details, such as cartoon locations they didn't need to recall.
  • These findings support the theory that sleep is clearing the brain's short-term memory and making way for new information.
  • These findings suggest that sleep is clearing the brain's short-term memory and making way for new information.
  • Our short-term memory is called seriously into question too.
  • They also have side-effects, such as short-term memory loss.
British Dictionary definitions for short-term memory

short-term memory

noun
1.
(psychol) that section of the memory storage system of limited capacity (approximately seven items) that is capable of storing material for a brief period of time Compare long-term memory
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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short-term memory in Medicine

short-term memory n.

Abbr. STM The phase of the memory process in which stimuli that have been recognized and registered are stored briefly.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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short-term memory in Culture

short-term memory definition


Retention of information that undergoes little processing or interpretation and can be recalled for only a few seconds. Short-term memory can retain about seven items.

Note: A popular example of short-term memory is the ability to remember a seven-digit telephone number just long enough to dial a call. In most cases, unless the number is consciously repeated several times, it will be forgotten.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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