But when the “shover” is white and the “victim” is black, only 17 percent say the push is aggressive.
I sings out, after we'd hit a high wave and that shover had made a more'n ordinary savage claw at my underpinnin'.
It looked like the car he had hired, he knew the shover's face, but there was someone in it.
"That fool shover nearly broke my neck, too," he confided, sitting down and lowering his voice confidentially.
Ridgely had an old slave servant, and shover and I colored men hired.
The room took more findin'; but there's an old pal o' mine a shover in the mews. '
I happened to hear the order he gave the shover, and I had my cayuse hitched over at Bob Sharkey's joint.
And that shover he put his head back and laughed and laughed and laughed.
Old English scufan "push away, thrust, push with violence" (class II strong verb; past tense sceaf, past participle scoven), from Proto-Germanic *skeub-, *skub- (cf. Old Norse skufa, Old Frisian skuva, Dutch schuiven, Old High German scioban, German schieben "to push, thrust," Gothic af-skiuban), from PIE root *skeubh- "to shove" (cf. scuffle, shuffle, shovel; likely cognates outside Germanic include Lithuanian skubti "to make haste," skubinti "to hasten"). Related: Shoved; shoving.
Replaced by push in all but colloquial and nautical usage. Shove off "leave" (1844) is from boating. Shove the queer (1859) was an old expression for "to counterfeit money." Shove it had an earlier sense of "depart" before it became a rude synonym for stick it (by 1941) with implied destination.
c.1300; see shove (v.).
[in the musical sense, shout, ''a black religious song and dance,'' is found by 1862]