shroud

[shroud]
noun
1.
a cloth or sheet in which a corpse is wrapped for burial.
2.
something that covers or conceals like a garment: a shroud of rain.
3.
Nautical. any of a number of taut ropes or wires converging from both sides on the head of a lower or upper mast of the outer end of a bowsprit to steady it against lateral sway: a part of the standing rigging.
4.
Also called shroud line. Aeronautics. any of a number of suspension cords of a parachute attaching the load to the canopy.
5.
Also called shrouding. Machinery.
a.
(on a nonmetallic gear) an extended metal rim enclosing the ends of the teeth on either side.
b.
(on a water wheel) one of two rings of boards or plates enclosing the buckets at their ends.
6.
Rocketry. a cone-shaped shield that protects the payload of a launch vehicle.
verb (used with object)
7.
to wrap or clothe for burial; enshroud.
8.
to cover; hide from view.
9.
to veil, as in obscurity or mystery: They shrouded their past lives in an effort to forget.
10.
to provide (a water wheel) with a shroud.
11.
Obsolete. to shelter.
verb (used without object)
12.
Archaic. to take shelter.

Origin:
before 1000; (noun) Middle English; Old English scrūd; cognate with Old Norse skrūth; akin to shred; (v.) Middle English shrouden, derivative of the noun; replacing Middle English shriden, Old English scrȳdan, derivative of scrūd

shroudless, adjective
shroudlike, adjective


1. winding sheet. 8. conceal, screen.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
shroud (ʃraʊd)
 
n
1.  a garment or piece of cloth used to wrap a dead body
2.  anything that envelops like a garment: a shroud of mist
3.  a protective covering for a piece of equipment
4.  astronautics a streamlined protective covering used to protect the payload during a rocket-powered launch
5.  nautical one of a pattern of ropes or cables used to stay a mast
6.  any of a set of wire cables stretched between a smokestack or similar structure and the ground, to prevent side sway
7.  Also called: shroud line any of a set of lines running from the canopy of a parachute to the harness
 
vb
8.  (tr) to wrap in a shroud
9.  (tr) to cover, envelop, or hide
10.  archaic to seek or give shelter
 
[Old English scrūd garment; related to Old Norse skrūth gear]
 
'shroudless
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shroud
O.E. scrud "a garment, clothing," from W.Gmc. *skruthan, from P.Gmc. *skrud- "cut" (cf. O.N. skruð "shroud of a ship," Dan., Swed. skrud "dress, attire"), variant of *skreud- "to cut," related to O.E. screade (see shred). Meaning "cloth or sheet for burial" first attested
1570. The verb is attested from c.1300, originally "to clothe;" meaning "to hide from view, conceal" (trans.) is attested from 1412.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The body was sometimes covered by burial shrouds, adorned with jewelry, and- in
  some cases-surrounded by perfumes.
And the wind plays on those great sonorous harps, the shrouds and masts of
  ships.
Many private funeral homes present green alternatives to traditional coffins,
  including wicker caskets and shrouds.
Whole streets are dedicated to the selling of shrouds and the influx of
  tourists has spawned a new school of opportunists.
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