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shroud

[shroud] /ʃraʊd/
noun
1.
a cloth or sheet in which a corpse is wrapped for burial.
2.
something that covers or conceals like a garment:
a shroud of rain.
3.
Nautical. any of a number of taut ropes or wires converging from both sides on the head of a lower or upper mast of the outer end of a bowsprit to steady it against lateral sway: a part of the standing rigging.
4.
Also called shroud line. Aeronautics. any of a number of suspension cords of a parachute attaching the load to the canopy.
5.
Also called shrouding. Machinery.
  1. (on a nonmetallic gear) an extended metal rim enclosing the ends of the teeth on either side.
  2. (on a water wheel) one of two rings of boards or plates enclosing the buckets at their ends.
6.
Rocketry. a cone-shaped shield that protects the payload of a launch vehicle.
verb (used with object)
7.
to wrap or clothe for burial; enshroud.
8.
to cover; hide from view.
9.
to veil, as in obscurity or mystery:
They shrouded their past lives in an effort to forget.
10.
to provide (a water wheel) with a shroud.
11.
Obsolete. to shelter.
verb (used without object)
12.
Archaic. to take shelter.
Origin
1000
before 1000; (noun) Middle English; Old English scrūd; cognate with Old Norse skrūth; akin to shred; (v.) Middle English shrouden, derivative of the noun; replacing Middle English shriden, Old English scrȳdan, derivative of scrūd
Related forms
shroudless, adjective
shroudlike, adjective
Synonyms
1. winding sheet. 8. conceal, screen.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for shrouds
  • The body was sometimes covered by burial shrouds, adorned with jewelry, and- in some cases-surrounded by perfumes.
  • Now plastic sheeting shrouds a bankrupt developer's half-built luxury flats.
  • And the wind plays on those great sonorous harps, the shrouds and masts of ships.
  • Dense fog shrouds the barge on all sides, and she floats motionless on a calm.
  • Many private funeral homes present green alternatives to traditional coffins, including wicker caskets and shrouds.
  • Whole streets are dedicated to the selling of shrouds and the influx of tourists has spawned a new school of opportunists.
  • The bowsprit is set up with double chain bobstays and double chain bowsprit shrouds.
British Dictionary definitions for shrouds

shroud

/ʃraʊd/
noun
1.
a garment or piece of cloth used to wrap a dead body
2.
anything that envelops like a garment: a shroud of mist
3.
a protective covering for a piece of equipment
4.
(astronautics) a streamlined protective covering used to protect the payload during a rocket-powered launch
5.
(nautical) one of a pattern of ropes or cables used to stay a mast
6.
any of a set of wire cables stretched between a smokestack or similar structure and the ground, to prevent side sway
7.
Also called shroud line. any of a set of lines running from the canopy of a parachute to the harness
verb
8.
(transitive) to wrap in a shroud
9.
(transitive) to cover, envelop, or hide
10.
(archaic) to seek or give shelter
Derived Forms
shroudless, adjective
Word Origin
Old English scrūd garment; related to Old Norse skrūth gear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shrouds

shroud

n.

Old English scrud "a garment, clothing, dress," from West Germanic *skruthan, from Proto-Germanic *skrud- "cut" (cf. Old Norse skruð "shrouds of a ship, tackle, gear; furniture of a church," Danish, Swedish skrud "dress, attire"), from PIE *skreu- "to cut" (see shred (n.)).

Specific meaning "winding-sheet, cloth or sheet for burial," to which the word now is restricted, first attested 1560s. Sense of "strong rope supporting the mast of a ship" (mid-15c.) is from the notion of "clothing" a spar or mast; one without rigging was said to be naked.

v.

c.1300, "to clothe, to cover, protect," from Old English scrydan, scridan "to clothe, dress;" see shroud (n.). Meaning "to hide from view, conceal" (transitive) is attested from early 15c. Related: Shrouded; shrouding.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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11
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