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shrunken

[shruhng-kuh n] /ˈʃrʌŋ kən/
verb
1.
a past participle of shrink.
Related forms
unshrunken, adjective

shrink

[shringk] /ʃrɪŋk/
verb (used without object), shrank or, often shrunk; shrunk or shrunken; shrinking.
1.
to draw back, as in retreat or avoidance:
to shrink from danger; to shrink from contact.
2.
to contract or lessen in size, as from exposure to conditions of temperature or moisture:
This cloth will not shrink if washed in lukewarm water.
3.
to become reduced in extent or compass.
verb (used with object), shrank or, often shrunk; shrunk or shrunken; shrinking.
4.
to cause to shrink or contract; reduce.
5.
Textiles. to cause (a fabric) to contract during finishing, thus preventing shrinkage, during laundering, of the garments made from it.
noun
6.
an act or instance of shrinking.
7.
a shrinking movement.
8.
9.
Also, shrinker. Also called head shrinker. Slang. a psychotherapist, psychiatrist, or psychoanalyst.
Origin
900
before 900; 1955-60 for def 9; Middle English schrinken, Old English scrincan; cognate with Middle Dutch schrinken, Swedish skrynka to shrink, Norwegian skrukka old shrunken woman
Related forms
shrinkable, adjective
shrinkingly, adverb
nonshrinkable, adjective
nonshrinking, adjective
nonshrinkingly, adverb
overshrink, verb, overshrank or, often overshrunk; overshrunk or overshrunken; overshrinking.
unshrinkable, adjective
unshrinking, adjective
unshrinkingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. withdraw, recoil, quail. See wince1 . 3. See decrease.
Antonyms
3. increase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for shrunken
  • Every one sees his smart coat, no one sees his shrunken belly.
  • Now the lake is a shrunken puddle of its former self.
  • In fact, it appears that the water level has shrunken by an eighth or three sixteens of an inch.
  • Scans revealed that the mummies' original eyes, though shrunken, had survived behind the prosthetic versions.
  • But his weak health was symptomatic of the shrunken gene pool of the captive-bred tigers.
  • There were also males with shrunken larynxes, a crippling handicap for a frog intent on mating.
  • Later on, you can tell definitively that they've magically shrunken the planet.
  • Nor were the kidneys shrunken, as in end-stage hypertension.
  • If they were pretty or had interesting facial features, their heads were cut off for use as popular novelty shrunken heads.
  • What a shrunken version of that politician now occupies the presidency.
British Dictionary definitions for shrunken

shrunken

/ˈʃrʌŋkən/
verb
1.
a past participle of shrink
adjective
2.
(usually prenominal) reduced in size: a shrunken head

shrink

/ʃrɪŋk/
verb shrinks, shrinking, shrank, shrunk, shrunk, shrunken
1.
to contract or cause to contract as from wetness, heat, cold, etc
2.
to become or cause to become smaller in size
3.
(intransitive) often foll by from
  1. to recoil or withdraw: to shrink from the sight of blood
  2. to feel great reluctance (at): to shrink from killing an animal
noun
4.
the act or an instance of shrinking
5.
(slang) a psychiatrist
Derived Forms
shrinkable, adjective
shrinker, noun
shrinking, adjective
shrinkingly, adverb
Word Origin
Old English scrincan; related to Old Norse skrokkr torso, Old Swedish skrunkin wrinkled, Old Norse hrukka a crease, Icelandic skrukka wrinkled woman
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shrunken
adj.

Old English gescruncan, past participle adjective from shrink (v.).

shrink

v.

Old English scrincan "to draw in the limbs, contract, shrivel up; wither, pine away" (class III strong verb; past tense scranc, past participle scruncen), from Proto-Germanic *skrink- (cf. Middle Dutch schrinken), probably from PIE root *(s)ker- (3) "to turn, bend."

Originally with causal shrench (cf. drink/drench). Sense of "become reduced in size" recorded from late 13c. The meaning "draw back, recoil" (early 14c.) perhaps was suggested by the behavior of snails. Transitive sense, "cause to shrink" is from late 14c. Shrink-wrap is attested from 1961 (shrinking-wrap from 1959). Shrinking violet "shy person" attested from 1882.

n.

"an act of shrinking," 1580s, from shrink (v.). Slang meaning "psychiatrist," (1966) is from head-shrinker.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for shrunken

shrink

noun

A psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, or other psychotherapist; headshrinker (1960+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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