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shudder

[shuhd-er] /ˈʃʌd ər/
verb (used without object)
1.
to tremble with a sudden convulsive movement, as from horror, fear, or cold.
noun
2.
a convulsive movement of the body, as from horror, fear, or cold.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English shodderen (v.) (cognate with German schaudern < LG), frequentative of Old English scūdan to tremble; see -er6
Can be confused
shudder, shutter.
Synonyms
1. quiver. See shiver1 .
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for shudders

shudder

/ˈʃʌdə/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to shake or tremble suddenly and violently, as from horror, fear, aversion, etc
noun
2.
the act of shuddering; convulsive shiver
Derived Forms
shuddering, adjective
shudderingly, adverb
shuddery, adjective
Word Origin
C18: from Middle Low German schōderen; related to Old Frisian skedda to shake, Old High German skutten to shake
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for shudders

shudder

v.

early 14c., possibly from Middle Dutch schuderen "to shudder," or Middle Low German schoderen, both frequentative forms from Proto-Germanic *skuth- "to shake." Related: Shuddered; shuddering.

n.

c.1600, from shudder (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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