shunt

[shuhnt]
verb (used with object)
1.
to shove or turn (someone or something) aside or out of the way.
2.
to sidetrack; get rid of.
3.
Electricity.
a.
to divert (a part of a current) by connecting a circuit element in parallel with another.
b.
to place or furnish with a shunt.
4.
Railroads. to shift (rolling stock) from one track to another; switch.
5.
Surgery.
a.
to divert blood or other fluid by means of a shunt.
b.
the tube itself.
6.
to move or turn aside or out of the way.
7.
(of a locomotive with rolling stock) to move from track to track or from point to point, as in a railroad yard; switch.
noun
8.
the act of shunting; shift.
9.
Also called bypass. Electricity. a conducting element bridged across a circuit or a portion of a circuit, establishing a current path auxiliary to the main circuit, as a resistor placed across the terminals of an ammeter for increasing the range of the device.
10.
a railroad switch.
11.
Surgery. a channel through which blood or other bodily fluid is diverted from its normal path by surgical reconstruction or by a synthetic tube.
12.
Anatomy. an anastomosis.
adjective
13.
Electricity. being, having, or operating by means of a shunt: a shunt circuit; a shunt generator.

Origin:
1175–1225; (v.) Middle English schunten, shonten to shy (said of horses); (noun) Middle English, derivative of the v.; akin to shun

shunter, noun
unshunted, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
shunt (ʃʌnt)
 
vb
1.  to turn or cause to turn to one side; move or be moved aside
2.  railways to transfer (rolling stock) from track to track
3.  electronics to divert or be diverted through a shunt
4.  (tr) to evade by putting off onto someone else
5.  slang (tr) motor racing to crash (a car)
 
n
6.  the act or an instance of shunting
7.  a railway point
8.  electronics a low-resistance conductor connected in parallel across a device, circuit, or part of a circuit to provide an alternative path for a known fraction of the current
9.  med a channel that bypasses the normal circulation of the blood: a congenital abnormality or surgically induced
10.  informal (Brit) a collision which occurs when a vehicle runs into the back of the vehicle in front
 
[C13: perhaps from shunen to shun]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shunt
early 13c., perhaps from shunen "to shun" (see shun). Adopted by railways 1842 as a verb, 1862 as a noun, and by technicians in the sense of "electrical conductor" from 1863. Medical use dates from 1923.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

shunt (shŭnt)
n.
A passage between two natural body channels, such as blood vessels, especially one created surgically to divert or permit flow from one pathway or region to another; a bypass.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Direct experience can't be shunted aside without experimental proof.
Thinking she was handing me the key to my lost past, she instead shunted me to
  a meaningless dead end.
One would expect groups that find themselves shunted toward the bottom of the
  socioeconomic hierarchy to have low serotonin.
Extra salt is then shunted into the blood stream, which sucks up excess water
  into the blood, increasing volume and pressure.
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