shunter

shunt

[shuhnt]
verb (used with object)
1.
to shove or turn (someone or something) aside or out of the way.
2.
to sidetrack; get rid of.
3.
Electricity.
a.
to divert (a part of a current) by connecting a circuit element in parallel with another.
b.
to place or furnish with a shunt.
4.
Railroads. to shift (rolling stock) from one track to another; switch.
5.
Surgery.
a.
to divert blood or other fluid by means of a shunt.
b.
the tube itself.
6.
to move or turn aside or out of the way.
7.
(of a locomotive with rolling stock) to move from track to track or from point to point, as in a railroad yard; switch.
noun
8.
the act of shunting; shift.
9.
Also called bypass. Electricity. a conducting element bridged across a circuit or a portion of a circuit, establishing a current path auxiliary to the main circuit, as a resistor placed across the terminals of an ammeter for increasing the range of the device.
10.
a railroad switch.
11.
Surgery. a channel through which blood or other bodily fluid is diverted from its normal path by surgical reconstruction or by a synthetic tube.
12.
Anatomy. an anastomosis.
adjective
13.
Electricity. being, having, or operating by means of a shunt: a shunt circuit; a shunt generator.

Origin:
1175–1225; (v.) Middle English schunten, shonten to shy (said of horses); (noun) Middle English, derivative of the v.; akin to shun

shunter, noun
unshunted, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
shunt (ʃʌnt)
 
vb
1.  to turn or cause to turn to one side; move or be moved aside
2.  railways to transfer (rolling stock) from track to track
3.  electronics to divert or be diverted through a shunt
4.  (tr) to evade by putting off onto someone else
5.  slang (tr) motor racing to crash (a car)
 
n
6.  the act or an instance of shunting
7.  a railway point
8.  electronics a low-resistance conductor connected in parallel across a device, circuit, or part of a circuit to provide an alternative path for a known fraction of the current
9.  med a channel that bypasses the normal circulation of the blood: a congenital abnormality or surgically induced
10.  informal (Brit) a collision which occurs when a vehicle runs into the back of the vehicle in front
 
[C13: perhaps from shunen to shun]

shunter (ˈʃʌntə)
 
n
a small railway locomotive used for manoeuvring coaches rather than for making journeys

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shunt
early 13c., perhaps from shunen "to shun" (see shun). Adopted by railways 1842 as a verb, 1862 as a noun, and by technicians in the sense of "electrical conductor" from 1863. Medical use dates from 1923.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

shunt (shŭnt)
n.
A passage between two natural body channels, such as blood vessels, especially one created surgically to divert or permit flow from one pathway or region to another; a bypass.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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