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shut

[shuht] /ʃʌt/
verb (used with object), shut, shutting.
1.
to put (a door, cover, etc.) in position to close or obstruct.
2.
to close the doors of (often followed by up):
to shut up a shop for the night.
3.
to close (something) by bringing together or folding its parts:
Shut your book. Shut the window!
4.
to confine; enclose:
to shut a bird into a cage.
5.
to bar; exclude:
They shut him from their circle.
6.
to cause (a factory, school, etc.) to end or suspend operations, services, or business activity: He shut his store, sold his house, and moved away.
We're shutting the office for two weeks in June.
7.
to bolt; bar.
verb (used without object), shut, shutting.
8.
to become shut or closed; close.
adjective
9.
closed; fastened up:
a shut door.
10.
Phonetics, checked.
noun
11.
the act or time of shutting or closing.
12.
the line where two pieces of welded metal are united.
Verb phrases
13.
shut down,
  1. to close, especially temporarily; end or suspend operations, services, or business activity.
  2. to stop operating or stop the operation of (a machine):
    Did you remember to shut down your computer?
  3. Also, shut down on/upon. Informal. to hinder; check; stop.
  4. to settle over so as to envelop or darken:
    The fog shut down rapidly.
14.
shut in,
  1. to enclose.
  2. to confine, as from illness:
    She broke her leg in a fall and has been shut in for several weeks.
15.
shut of, Informal. free of; rid of:
He wished he were shut of all his debts.
16.
shut off,
  1. to stop the passage of (water, traffic, electricity, etc.); close off.
  2. to isolate; separate:
    an outpost almost completely shut off from civilization.
17.
shut out,
  1. to keep from entering; exclude.
  2. to hide from view.
  3. to prevent (an opponent or opposing team) from scoring, as in a game of baseball.
18.
shut up,
  1. to imprison; confine.
  2. to close entirely.
  3. to stop talking; become silent:
    I thought the neighbors would never shut up and let me sleep.
  4. to stop (someone) from talking; silence.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English schutten, Old English scyttan to bolt (a door); akin to shoot
Related forms
half-shut, adjective
reshut, verb, reshut, reshutting.
unshut, adjective
Synonyms
1. See close. 4. jail, imprison, cage. 5. prohibit.
Antonyms
1. open.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for shut up
  • Most of the faculty wish he would either shut up or do us all a favor and not show up at faculty meetings.
  • OK, make one good point if you must, but then shut up.
  • Smart people shut up because continuing to talk has no point.
  • He keeps calmly trying to be sane and she seems as if she won't shut up.
  • But unless you can make people read your criticisms, you may as well shut up your shop.
  • If you have nothing to say, you might as well shut up for your own good and for the good of the community.
  • Either you pile on too, or you shut up and get out of the way.
  • He is not a sports commentator as much as he is comic relief who does not know when to simply shut up.
  • Today that same market is telling rappers to please shut up.
  • Many ancillary firms that built rigs or collected seismic data shut up shop.
British Dictionary definitions for shut up

shut up

verb (adverb)
1.
(transitive) to prevent all access to
2.
(transitive) to confine or imprison
3.
(informal) to cease to talk or make a noise or cause to cease to talk or make a noise: often used in commands
4.
(intransitive) (of horses in a race) to cease through exhaustion from maintaining a racing pace

shut

/ʃʌt/
verb shuts, shutting, shut
1.
to move (something) so as to cover an aperture; close to shut a door
2.
to close (something) by bringing together the parts to shut a book
3.
(transitive) often foll by up. to close or lock the doors of to shut up a house
4.
(transitive; foll by in, out, etc) to confine, enclose, or exclude to shut a child in a room
5.
(transitive) to prevent (a business, etc) from operating
6.
shut one's eyes to, to ignore deliberately
7.
shut the door on
  1. to refuse to think about
  2. to render impossible
adjective
8.
closed or fastened
noun
9.
the act or time of shutting
10.
the line along which pieces of metal are welded
11.
(slang) get shut of, get shot of, to get rid of
Word Origin
Old English scyttan; related to Old Frisian sketta to shut in, Middle Dutch schutten to obstruct
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shut up
shut
O.E. scyttan "to put in place so as to fasten a door or gate," from W.Gmc. *skutjanan (cf. O.Fris. schetta, M.Du. schutten "to shut, shut up, obstruct"), from P.Gmc. *skut- "project" (see shoot). Meaning "to close by folding or bringing together" is from mid-14c. Sense of "to set (someone) free (from)" (c.1500) is obsolete except in dialectal phrases such as to get shut of. Colloquial shut-eye for "sleep" is from 1899. To shut (one's) mouth "desist from speaking" is recorded from 1340. Shut up (v.) first recorded 1840. Shut-in "person confined from normal social intercourse" is from 1904. Shut out in baseball sense is from 1881 (v.), 1889 (n.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for shut up

shut up

verb phrase

To be quiet; stop talking • Very often a stern or angry command (1860+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with shut up
.
Imprison, confine, enclose, as in The dog was shut up in the cellar for the night, or She shut up her memories and never talked about the past. [ c. 1400 ]
.
Also see: close up, def. 3. [ Early 1500s ]
.
Cause someone to stop speaking, silence someone, as in It's time someone shut him up. [ Early 1800s ]
.
Stop speaking, as in I've told you what I think and now I'll shut up. This usage also occurs as a rather rude imperative, as in Shut up! You've said enough. [ First half of 1800s ]
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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7
7
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