shut

[shuht]
verb (used with object), shut, shutting.
1.
to put (a door, cover, etc.) in position to close or obstruct.
2.
to close the doors of (often followed by up ): to shut up a shop for the night.
3.
to close (something) by bringing together or folding its parts: Shut your book. Shut the window!
4.
to confine; enclose: to shut a bird into a cage.
5.
to bar; exclude: They shut him from their circle.
6.
to cause (a factory, school, etc.) to end or suspend operations, services, or business activity: He shut his store, sold his house, and moved away. We're shutting the office for two weeks in June.
7.
to bolt; bar.
verb (used without object), shut, shutting.
8.
to become shut or closed; close.
adjective
9.
closed; fastened up: a shut door.
10.
Phonetics, checked.
noun
11.
the act or time of shutting or closing.
12.
the line where two pieces of welded metal are united.
Verb phrases
13.
shut down,
a.
to close, especially temporarily; end or suspend operations, services, or business activity.
b.
to stop operating or stop the operation of (a machine): Did you remember to shut down your computer?
c.
Also, shut down on/upon. Informal. to hinder; check; stop.
d.
to settle over so as to envelop or darken: The fog shut down rapidly.
14.
shut in,
a.
to enclose.
b.
to confine, as from illness: She broke her leg in a fall and has been shut in for several weeks.
15.
shut of, Informal. free of; rid of: He wished he were shut of all his debts.
16.
shut off,
a.
to stop the passage of (water, traffic, electricity, etc.); close off.
b.
to isolate; separate: an outpost almost completely shut off from civilization.
17.
shut out,
a.
to keep from entering; exclude.
b.
to hide from view.
c.
to prevent (an opponent or opposing team) from scoring, as in a game of baseball.
18.
shut up,
a.
to imprison; confine.
b.
to close entirely.
c.
to stop talking; become silent: I thought the neighbors would never shut up and let me sleep.
d.
to stop (someone) from talking; silence.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English schutten, Old English scyttan to bolt (a door); akin to shoot

half-shut, adjective
reshut, verb, reshut, reshutting.
unshut, adjective


1. See close. 4. jail, imprison, cage. 5. prohibit.


1. open.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
shut (ʃʌt)
 
vb (often foll by up) , shuts, shutting, shut
1.  to move (something) so as to cover an aperture; close: to shut a door
2.  to close (something) by bringing together the parts: to shut a book
3.  to close or lock the doors of: to shut up a house
4.  (tr; foll by in, out, etc) to confine, enclose, or exclude: to shut a child in a room
5.  (tr) to prevent (a business, etc) from operating
6.  shut one's eyes to to ignore deliberately
7.  shut the door on
 a.  to refuse to think about
 b.  to render impossible
 
adj
8.  closed or fastened
 
n
9.  the act or time of shutting
10.  the line along which pieces of metal are welded
11.  slang get shut of, get shot of to get rid of
 
[Old English scyttan; related to Old Frisian sketta to shut in, Middle Dutch schutten to obstruct]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shut
O.E. scyttan "to put in place so as to fasten a door or gate," from W.Gmc. *skutjanan (cf. O.Fris. schetta, M.Du. schutten "to shut, shut up, obstruct"), from P.Gmc. *skut- "project" (see shoot). Meaning "to close by folding or bringing together" is from mid-14c. Sense of
"to set (someone) free (from)" (c.1500) is obsolete except in dialectal phrases such as to get shut of. Colloquial shut-eye for "sleep" is from 1899. To shut (one's) mouth "desist from speaking" is recorded from 1340. Shut up (v.) first recorded 1840. Shut-in "person confined from normal social intercourse" is from 1904. Shut out in baseball sense is from 1881 (v.), 1889 (n.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for shuts
When a high water level is reached, a mechanism shuts the valve which fills the tank.
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