simile

[sim-uh-lee]
noun
1.
a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared, as in “she is like a rose.” Compare metaphor.
2.
an instance of such a figure of speech or a use of words exemplifying it.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin: image, likeness, comparison, noun use of neuter of similis similar

metaphor, simile.
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World English Dictionary
simile (ˈsɪmɪlɪ)
 
n
Compare metaphor a figure of speech that expresses the resemblance of one thing to another of a different category, usually introduced by as or like
 
[C14: from Latin simile something similar, from similis like]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

simile
1393, from L. simile "a like thing," neuter of similis "like" (see similar). "A simile, to be perfect, must both illustrate and ennoble the subject." [Johnson].
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
simile [(sim-uh-lee)]

A common figure of speech that explicitly compares two things usually considered different. Most similes are introduced by like or as: “The realization hit me like a bucket of cold water.” (Compare metaphor.)

Note: Some similes, such as “sleeping like a log,” have become clichés.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Invite students to come up with their own metaphors or similes to describe each
  animal shown.
The engravings are fac similes of the sizes and styles.
In this story the author uses similes to compare two things.
Sayyid wrap stories and self-promotion in similes and allusions so fast and
  densely packed they could use an instant replay.
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