|Singapore (ˌsɪŋəˈpɔː, ˌsɪŋɡə-)|
|1.||a republic in SE Asia, occupying one main island and over 50 small islands at the S end of the Malay Peninsula: established as a British trading post in 1819 and became part of the Straits Settlements in 1826; occupied by the Japanese (1942--45); a British colony from 1946, becoming self-governing in 1959; part of the Federation of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965, when it became an independent republic (within the Commonwealth). Official languages: Chinese, Malay, English, and Tamil. Religion: Buddhist, Taoist, traditional beliefs, and Muslim. Currency: Singapore dollar. Capital: Singapore. Pop: 4 315 000 (2004 est). Area: now over 700 sq km (270 sq miles), increased in recent years as a result of land reclamation schemes|
|2.||the capital of the republic of Singapore: a major international port; administratively not treated as a city|
Note: A British colony from 1946 to 1959, Singapore then became independent.
Note: Though only 225 square miles in size, it is a major economic power in Asia.
Note: It is one of the world's biggest and busiest ports.