Sioux

Sioux

[soo]
noun, plural Sioux [soo, sooz] .
Dakota ( defs 4, 6 ).

Origin:
1755–65, Americanism; < North American French, shortening of earlier Nadouessioux < Ojibwa (Ottawa dial.) na·towe·ssiw(ak) plural (< Proto-Algonquian *na·towe·hsiw-, derivative of *na·towe·wa Iroquoian, probably literally, speaker of a foreign language) + French -x plural marker

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World English Dictionary
Sioux (suː)
 
n , Sioux
1.  a member of a group of North American Indian peoples formerly ranging over a wide area of the Plains from Lake Michigan to the Rocky Mountains
2.  any of the Siouan languages
 
[from French, shortened from Nadowessioux, from Chippewa Nadoweisiw]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Sioux
group of N.Amer. Indian tribes, 1761, from N.Amer. Fr., aphetic for Nadouessioux, sometimes said to be from Ojibway (Algonquian) Natowessiwak (pl.), lit. "little snakes," from nadowe "Iroquois" (lit. "big snakes"). Another explanation traces it to early Ottawa (Algonquian) sing. /na:towe:ssi/ (pl. /na:towe:ssiwak/)
"Sioux," apparently from a verb meaning "to speak a foreign language" [Bright]. In either case, a name given by their neighbors; the people's name for themselves is Dakota, lit. "allies."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Sioux [(sooh)]

A common name for the Dakota people, a tribe of Native Americans inhabiting the northern Great Plains in the nineteenth century. They were famed as warriors and frequently took up arms in the late nineteenth century to oppose the settlement of their hunting grounds and sacred places. In 1876, Sioux warriors, led by Chief Sitting Bull, and commanded in the field by Chief Crazy Horse, overwhelmed the United States cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. (See Custer's last stand.) A group of Sioux under Chief Big Foot were massacred by United States troops at Wounded Knee in 1890.

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