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[suh-rok-oh] /səˈrɒk oʊ/
noun, plural siroccos.
a hot, dry, dustladen wind blowing from northern Africa and affecting parts of southern Europe.
a warm, sultry south or southeast wind accompanied by rain, occurring in the same regions.
any hot, oppressive wind, especially one in the warm sector of a cyclone.
Also, scirocco.
Origin of sirocco
1610-20; < Italian, variant of scirocco < Arabic sharq east Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for sirocco
Historical Examples
  • It was the expected--nay, the announced--sirocco, and it brought the lugger to windward beyond all dispute.

    The Wing-and-Wing J. Fenimore Cooper
  • Tramontana and sirocco alternate, and each is more unendurable than the other.

    Italy, the Magic Land Lilian Whiting
  • Occasionally when the sirocco blows that sensation becomes strange and exquisite.

    Italian Hours Henry James
  • Kalliope, faithful even amid the torment of the sirocco, followed her.

    The Island Mystery George A. Birmingham
  • The sirocco was gently blowing, the air was heavy, she was tired, she looked a little pale.

    Roderick Hudson Henry James
  • The deep melancholy poured into him by sirocco caused him to do so now.

    The Call of the Blood Robert Smythe Hichens
  • The southwest wind during the warmer portion of the summer months is a sort of sirocco in Illinois.

    Letters of a Traveller William Cullen Bryant
  • He had remembered his sensation in the sea that gray morning of sirocco.

    The Call of the Blood Robert Smythe Hichens
  • That sirocco, the worst of many Italian varieties: who shall calculate its debilitating effect upon the stamina of the race?

    Alone Norman Douglas
  • He remembered the morning of sirocco, his fear, his passion of tears in the boat.

    The Call of the Blood Robert Smythe Hichens
British Dictionary definitions for sirocco


noun (pl) -cos
a hot oppressive and often dusty wind usually occurring in spring, beginning in N Africa and reaching S Europe
any hot southerly wind, esp one moving to a low pressure centre
Word Origin
C17: from Italian, from Arabic sharq east wind
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sirocco

"hot wind blowing from the Libyan deserts," 1610s, from Italian sirocco, from vulgar Arabic shoruq "the east wind," from Arabic sharqi "eastern, east wind," from sharq "east," from sharaqa "to rise" (in reference to the sun).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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