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Sitka

[sit-kuh] /ˈsɪt kə/
noun
1.
a town in SE Alaska, on an island in the Alexander Archipelago: the capital of former Russian America.
Related forms
Sitkan, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sitkan

Sitka

/ˈsɪtkə/
noun
1.
a town in SE Alaska, in the Alexander Archipelago on W Baranof Island: capital of Russian America (1804–67) and of Alaska (1867–1906). Pop: 8876 (2003 est)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for sitkan

Sitka

city and borough, historically the most notable Alaskan settlement, southeastern Alaska, U.S. Situated 95 miles (150 km) southwest of Juneau, on the western coast of Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago, it is the only city in southeastern Alaska that lies on the Pacific Ocean. The area was originally inhabited by Tlingit Indians. It was explored by a Russian expedition in 1741, and Old Sitka, or Fort St. Michael, was established in July 1799 by Aleksandr Baranov (Baranof), the first Russian governor of Alaska. The fort was destroyed by the Tlingit in 1802. The present city was founded as Novo Arkhangelsk ("New Archangel") in 1804, when Baranov moved the headquarters of the Russian-American Company (a Russian trading company) there from Kodiak. After 1867 the settlement was commonly known as Sitka (derived from a Tlingit phrase meaning "on the outside of Shee [Baranof Island]"). The formal transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United States took place there on October 18, 1867, and Sitka served as the territorial capital until 1906, when the seat of government was moved to Juneau. The U.S. government built a naval air base there during World War II, which swelled the population to nearly 40,000. The base is now operated by the U.S. Coast Guard

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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