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size1

[sahyz] /saɪz/
noun
1.
the spatial dimensions, proportions, magnitude, or bulk of anything:
the size of a farm; the size of the fish you caught.
2.
considerable or great magnitude:
to seek size rather than quality.
3.
one of a series of graduated measures for articles of manufacture or trade:
children's sizes of shoes.
4.
extent; amount; range:
a fortune of great size.
5.
actual condition, circumstance, or state of affairs:
That's about the size of it.
6.
a number of population or contents:
What size is Springfield, Illinois? The size of that last shipment was only a dozen.
7.
Obsolete. a fixed standard of quality or quantity, as for food or drink.
verb (used with object), sized, sizing.
8.
to separate or sort according to size.
9.
to make of a certain size.
10.
Metallurgy. to press (a sintered compact) to close tolerances.
11.
Obsolete. to regulate or control according to a fixed standard.
Verb phrases
12.
size up, Informal.
  1. to form an estimate of (a situation, person, etc.); judge:
    They sized him up with a look.
  2. to meet a certain standard:
    He doesn't size up to my expectations.
Idioms
13.
of a size, of the same or similar size:
The two poodles are of a size.
14.
try on for size,
  1. to put on briefly in order to test the fit of, as a garment or shoes.
  2. to consider, evaluate, do, or use before taking further action:
    We'll try the plan on for size to see whether it's practical.
Origin
late Middle English
1250-1300
1250-1300; (noun) Middle English syse orig., control, regulation, limit < Old French sise, aphetic variant of assise assize; (v.) in part representing late Middle English sisen to regulate (itself partly derivative of the noun, partly aphetic variant of assisen to fix, ordain, assess < Old French assiser, derivative of assise assize), in part derivative of the noun in later senses
Synonym Study
1. Size, volume, mass, bulk are terms referring to the extent or dimensions of that which has magnitude and occupies space. Size is the general word: of great size; small in size. Volume often applies to something that has no fixed shape: Smoke has volume. Mass, also, does not suggest shape, but suggests a quantity of matter in a solid body: a mass of concrete. Bulk suggests weight, and often a recognizable, though perhaps unwieldy, shape: the huge bulk of an elephant.

size2

[sahyz] /saɪz/
noun
1.
any of various gelatinous or glutinous preparations made from glue, starch, etc., used for filling the pores of cloth, paper, etc., or as an adhesive ground for gold leaf on books.
verb (used with object), sized, sizing.
2.
to coat or treat with size.
Origin
1400-50; late Middle English sise, syse (noun); perhaps special use of size1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sizes
  • This allowed players to acquire and pilot ships of various sizes.
  • Tables there are many sizes and styles of pool and billiard tables.
  • Paper sizes in the beginning of western papermaking, paper size was fairly standard.
  • There are many different surfboard sizes, shapes, and designs in use today.
  • Bacteria display a wide diversity of shapes and sizes, called morphologies.
  • A few species have long active seasons and attain colony sizes in the hundreds.
  • At these sizes, the effects of quantum mechanics are expected to come into play.
  • Greens come in all shapes and sizes, fast, slow, big crown, small crown etc.
  • Their overall larger sizes and puffy head feathers give them boldly exaggerated looks.
  • The candle is produced in various colors, shapes, sizes and scents.
British Dictionary definitions for sizes

size1

/saɪz/
noun
1.
the dimensions, proportions, amount, or extent of something
2.
large or great dimensions, etc
3.
one of a series of graduated measurements, as of clothing: she takes size 4 shoes
4.
(informal) state of affairs as summarized: he's bankrupt, that's the size of it
verb
5.
to sort according to size
6.
(transitive) to make or cut to a particular size or sizes
Derived Forms
sizer, noun
Usage note
The use of -size and -sized after large or small is redundant, except when describing something which is made in specific sizes: a large (not large-size) organization. Similarly, in size is redundant in the expressions large in size and small in size
Word Origin
C13: from Old French sise, shortened from assiseassize

size2

/saɪz/
noun
1.
Also called sizing. a thin gelatinous mixture, made from glue, clay, or wax, that is used as a sealer or filler on paper, cloth, or plaster surfaces
verb
2.
(transitive) to treat or coat (a surface) with size
Derived Forms
sizy, adjective
Word Origin
C15: perhaps from Old French sise; see size1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sizes

size

n.

c.1300, "an ordinance to fix the amount of a payment or tax," from Old French sise, shortened form of assise "session, assessment, regulation, manner" (see assize), probably a misdivision of l'assise as la sise. The sense of "extent, amount, volume, magnitude" (c.1300) is from the notion of regulating something by fixing the amount of it (weights, food portions, etc.). Specific sense of "set of dimensions of a manufactured article for sale" is attested from 1590s.

v.

c.1400, "to regulate," from size (n.). Meaning "to make of a certain size" is from c.1600; that of "to classify according to size" is first attested 1630s. Verbal phrase size up "estimate, assess" is from 1847 and retains the root sense of size (n.). Related: Sized; sizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for sizes

size

Related Terms

king-size


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with sizes
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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14
14
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