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skat

[skaht, skat] /skɑt, skæt/
noun
1.
a card game for three players, using a pack of 32 playing cards, sevens through aces, the object being to fulfill any of various contracts, with scoring computed on strategy and on tricks won.
Origin
1860-1865
1860-65; < German skat < Italian scarto, derivative of scartare to discard, equivalent to s- ex-1 + -cartare, derivative of carta card1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for skats

skat

/skæt/
noun
1.
a three-handed card game using 32 cards, popular in German-speaking communities
Word Origin
C19: from German, from Italian scarto played cards, from scartare to discard, from s-ex-1 + carta, from Latin chartacard1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for skats

skat

n.

card game, 1864, from German Skat (by 1838), from earlier scart (said to have been a term used in the old card game called taroc, which was of Italian origin), from Italian scarto "cards laid aside," which is said to be a back-formation from scartare, from Latin ex- "off, away" + Late Latin carta (see card (n.1)). The German game is perhaps so called because it is played with a rump deck, or because two cards are laid aside at the start of the game, or because discarding is an important part of the game. Cf. French card game écarté, literally "cards removed."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for skats

skat

cardcard game for three players, but usually four participate, with each player sitting out a turn as dealer. It is Germany's national card game. It originated in Altenburg, near Leipzig, about 1817 and is played wherever Germans have settled; the International Skat Players Association (ISPA) has affiliates in more than a dozen countries. North American skat, centred on Milwaukee, Wis., and Texas skat, centred on Austin, Texas, differ somewhat from the German and international game described below. The current rules, followed by both the ISPA and the German Skat Federation, date from Jan. 1, 1999.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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