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sloth

[slawth or especially for 2, slohth] /slɔθ or especially for 2, sloʊθ/
noun
1.
habitual disinclination to exertion; indolence; laziness.
2.
any of several slow-moving, arboreal, tropical American edentates of the family Bradypodidae, having a long, coarse, grayish-brown coat often of a greenish cast caused by algae, and long, hooklike claws used in gripping tree branches while hanging or moving along in a habitual upside-down position.
3.
a pack or group of bears.
Origin
1125-1175
1125-75; Middle English slowth (see slow, -th1); replacing Old English slǣwth, derivative of slǣw, variant of slāw slow
Synonyms
1. shiftlessness, idleness, slackness.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sloth
  • The only real sin at play here is sloth--that is, the sloth of the pastry chefs who come up with these one-note menus.
  • Both are afflicted with a species of blindness, and intellectual sloth.
  • What makes the film so disappointing is not its errors of fact but the sullen sloth with which its episodes unfold.
  • Yet the filmmakers hold out the possibility of new life stirring under the domestic halter and the intellectual sloth.
British Dictionary definitions for sloth

sloth

/sləʊθ/
noun
1.
any of several shaggy-coated arboreal edentate mammals of the family Bradypodidae, esp Bradypus tridactylus (three-toed sloth or ai) or Choloepus didactylus (two-toed sloth or unau), of Central and South America. They are slow-moving, hanging upside down by their long arms and feeding on vegetation
2.
reluctance to work or exert oneself
Word Origin
Old English slǣwth; from slǣw, variant of slāwslow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sloth
n.

late 12c., "indolence, sluggishness," formed from Middle English slou, slowe (see slow (adj.)) + abstract formative -th (2). Replaced Old English slæwð "sloth, indolence." Sense of "slowness, tardiness" is from mid-14c. As one of the deadly sins, it translates Latin accidia.

The slow-moving mammal first so called 1610s, a translation of Portuguese preguiça "slowness, slothfulness," from Latin pigritia "laziness" (cf. Spanish perezosa "slothful," also "the sloth").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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