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sluggish

[sluhg-ish] /ˈslʌg ɪʃ/
adjective
1.
indisposed to action or exertion; lacking in energy; lazy; indolent:
a sluggish disposition.
2.
not acting or working with full vigor, as bodily organs:
a sluggish liver.
3.
slow to act or respond:
a sluggish car engine.
4.
moving slowly, or having little motion, as a stream.
5.
slow, as motion.
6.
slack, as trade, business, or sales.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English slugissh. See slug1, -ish1
Related forms
sluggishly, adverb
sluggishness, noun
unsluggish, adjective
unsluggishly, adverb
unsluggishness, noun
Synonyms
1. slow, slothful. See inactive.
Antonyms
1. quick, active.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sluggishness

sluggish

/ˈslʌɡɪʃ/
adjective
1.
lacking energy; inactive; slow-moving
2.
functioning at below normal rate or level
3.
exhibiting poor response to stimulation
Derived Forms
sluggishly, adverb
sluggishness, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sluggishness

sluggish

adj.

mid-15c., from Middle English slugge "lazy person" (see sluggard) + -ish. Earlier adjective was sluggi (early 13c.). Related: Sluggishly; sluggishness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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