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smelt1

[smelt] /smɛlt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to fuse or melt (ore) in order to separate the metal contained.
2.
to obtain or refine (metal) in this way.
Origin of smelt1
1535-1545
1535-45; probably < Middle Dutch or Middle Low German smelten; cognate with German schmelzen to melt1, smelt

smelt3

[smelt] /smɛlt/
verb
1.
a simple past tense and past participle of smell.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for smelting
  • They may have been the discoverers of iron smelting.
  • Possibly bronze and much more probably iron smelting were nomadic discoveries.
  • Alumina, or synthetic aluminum oxide, is used in the smelting of aluminum.
  • They also cut down trees for charcoal and as fuel for the fires of iron-smelting, which enabled them to make tools and weapons.
  • Aluminum smelting is one human process that might produce such a substance.
  • Taking a holiday from his job in a copper-smelting plant.
  • Slag, a brittle by-product of smelting, covered the ground and snapped underfoot as she surveyed the site.
  • smelting has a further disadvantage in that shredding the boards to recover the metals destroys their components.
  • And smelting it uses vast amounts of energy, accounting for one-third of the costs in an average plant.
  • Power shortages have disrupted mining and smelting in several countries.
British Dictionary definitions for smelting

smelt1

/smɛlt/
verb
1.
(transitive) to extract (a metal) from (an ore) by heating
Word Origin
C15: from Middle Low German, Middle Dutch smelten; related to Old High German smelzan to melt

smelt2

/smɛlt/
noun (pl) smelt, smelts
1.
any marine or freshwater salmonoid food fish of the family Osmeridae, such as Osmerus eperlanus of Europe, having a long silvery body and occurring in temperate and cold northern waters
Word Origin
Old English smylt; related to Dutch, Danish smelt, Norwegian smelta, German Schmelz

smelt3

/smɛlt/
verb
1.
a past tense and past participle of smell
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for smelting

smelt

v.

mid-15c. (implied in smelter), from Dutch or Low German smelten, from Proto-Germanic *smelt- (cf. Old High German smelzan, German schmelzen "to melt"), from PIE *smeld-, variant of *mel- "soft." Thus the word is from a variant of the stem of Old English meltan "to melt" (see melt (v.)). Related: Smelted; smelting.

n.

Old English smelt "sardine, small salmon-like sea fish," cognate with Dutch smelt "sand eel," Danish smelt (c.1600). OED notes that it has a peculiar odor (but doesn't suggest a connection with smell); Klein suggests a connection with the way the fish melts in one's mouth. Century Dictionary speculates it means "smooth" and compares Old English smeolt, smylt "serene, smooth."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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smelting in Science
smelt
  (smělt)   
To melt ores in order to extract the metals they contain. Oxide ores, such as iron ore, are smelted with carbon, which serves as a fuel and changes the ore into a reduced metal.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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