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smitten

[smit-n] /ˈsmɪt n/
adjective
1.
struck, as with a hard blow.
2.
grievously or disastrously stricken or afflicted.
3.
very much in love.
verb
4.
a past participle of smite.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English; see smite, -en3
Related forms
unsmitten, adjective

smite

[smahyt] /smaɪt/
verb (used with object), smote or (Obsolete) smit; smitten or smit; smiting.
1.
to strike or hit hard, with or as with the hand, a stick, or other weapon:
She smote him on the back with her umbrella.
2.
to deliver or deal (a blow, hit, etc.) by striking hard.
3.
to strike down, injure, or slay:
His sword had smitten thousands.
4.
to afflict or attack with deadly or disastrous effect:
smitten by polio.
5.
to affect mentally or morally with a sudden pang:
His conscience smote him.
6.
to affect suddenly and strongly with a specified feeling:
They were smitten with terror.
7.
to impress favorably; charm; enamor:
He was smitten by her charms.
verb (used without object), smote or (Obsolete) smit; smitten or smit; smiting.
8.
to strike; deal a blow.
Idioms
9.
smite hip and thigh. hip1 (def 9).
Origin
before 900; Middle English smiten, Old English smītan; cognate with German schmeissen to throw, Dutch smijten
Related forms
smiter, noun
Synonyms
1. knock, cuff, buffet, slap.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for smitten
  • But the professor used to be a larger-than-life figure on whom the smitten student nurtured a quiet crush.
  • True, the stag's primitive bellow is effective--smitten females approach while rival males look for cover.
  • Some generals may even be smitten by the idea of a strong currency.
  • It may all depend on whether the country is smitten by some awful financial crisis.
  • Until her pride's flag, smitten, cleaved down to the staff.
  • Aias in truth was smitten in the midst of his ships of the long oars.
  • Ray, who looks deliriously smitten, is supposed to keep the beat with each footstep.
  • She was also blonde and thin and striking, and both seemed instantly smitten with each other.
  • It's easy to understand how the locals were smitten.
  • When he meets a lovely blonde student he is immediately smitten and the two strike up a romance.
British Dictionary definitions for smitten

smitten

/ˈsmɪtən/
verb
1.
a past participle of smite
adjective
2.
(postpositive) affected by love (for)

smite

/smaɪt/
verb (mainly transitive) (mainly archaic) smites, smiting, smote, smitten, smit
1.
to strike with a heavy blow or blows
2.
to damage with or as if with blows
3.
to afflict or affect severely: smitten with flu
4.
to afflict in order to punish
5.
(intransitive) foll by on. to strike forcibly or abruptly: the sun smote down on him
Derived Forms
smiter, noun
Word Origin
Old English smītan; related to Old High German smīzan to smear, Gothic bismeitan, Old Swedish smēta to daub
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for smitten
adj.

mid-13c., "struck hard, afflicted, visited with disaster," past participle adjective from smite. Sense of "inspired with love" is from 1660s.

smite

v.

"to hit, strike, beat," mid-12c., from Old English smitan, which however is attested only as "to daub, smear on; soil, pollute, blemish, defile" (strong verb, past tense smat, past participle smiten), from Proto-Germanic *smitan (cf. Swedish smita, Danish smide "to smear, fling," Old Frisian smita, Middle Low German and Middle Dutch smiten "to cast, fling," Dutch smijten "to throw," Old High German smizan "to rub, strike," German schmeißen "to cast, fling," Gothic bismeitan "to spread, smear"). "The development of the various senses is not quite clear, but that of throwing is perh. the original one" [OED]. Watkins suggests "the semantic channel may have been slapping mud on walls in wattle and daub construction" and connects it with PIE *sme- "to smear;" Klein's sources also say this.

Sense of "slay in combat" (c.1300) is from Biblical expression smite to death, first attested c.1200. Meaning "visit disastrously" is mid-12c., also Biblical. Meaning "strike with passion or emotion" is from c.1300.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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