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soak

[sohk] /soʊk/
verb (used without object)
1.
to lie in and become saturated or permeated with water or some other liquid.
2.
to pass, as a liquid, through pores, holes, or the like:
The rain soaked through the tear in the umbrella.
3.
to be thoroughly wet.
4.
to penetrate or become known to the mind or feelings (followed by in):
The lesson didn't soak in.
5.
Informal. to drink immoderately, especially alcoholic beverages:
They were soaking at the bar.
verb (used with object)
6.
to place or keep in liquid in order to saturate thoroughly; steep.
7.
to wet thoroughly; saturate or drench.
8.
to permeate thoroughly, as liquid or moisture does.
9.
Metallurgy. to heat (a piece) for reworking.
10.
Informal. to intoxicate (oneself) by drinking an excess of liquor.
11.
Slang. to beat hard; punish severely:
I was soaked for that mistake.
12.
to extract or remove by or as by soaking (often followed by out):
to soak a stain out of a napkin.
13.
Slang. to overcharge:
He was soaked by the waiter.
noun
14.
the act or state of soaking or the state of being soaked.
15.
the liquid in which anything is soaked.
16.
Slang. a heavy drinker.
17.
Australian. any small area of land, as near a spring or at the foot of a hill, that becomes swamplike or holds water after a period of heavy rain.
Verb phrases
18.
soak up,
  1. to absorb or take in or up by absorption:
    Blotting paper soaks up ink.
  2. to absorb with one's mind or senses; take in:
    to soak up information.
  3. Slang. to drink to excess:
    He can really soak up the booze.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English soken, Old English sōcian; akin to suck
Related forms
soaker, noun
soakingly, adverb
oversoak, verb
resoak, verb
unsoaked, adjective
well-soaked, adjective
Synonyms
2, 4. seep. 7. See wet. 8. infuse, penetrate.
Antonyms
7. dry.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for soak up

soak

/səʊk/
verb
1.
to make, become, or be thoroughly wet or saturated, esp by immersion in a liquid
2.
when intr, usually foll by in or into. (of a liquid) to penetrate or permeate
3.
(transitive; usually foll by in or up) (of a permeable solid) to take in (a liquid) by absorption the earth soaks up rainwater
4.
(transitive; foll by out or out of) to remove by immersion in a liquid she soaked the stains out of the dress
5.
(transitive) (metallurgy) to heat (a metal) prior to working
6.
(informal) to drink excessively or make or become drunk
7.
(transitive) (US & Canadian, slang) to overcharge
8.
(transitive) (Brit, slang) to put in pawn
noun
9.
the act of immersing in a liquid or the period of immersion
10.
the liquid in which something may be soaked, esp a solution containing detergent
11.
another name for soakage (sense 3)
12.
(Brit, informal) a heavy rainfall
13.
(slang) a person who drinks to excess
Derived Forms
soaker, noun
soaking, noun, adjective
Word Origin
Old English sōcian to cook; see suck
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for soak up
soak
O.E. socian (related to sucan "to suck"), from P.Gmc. *sukon (cf. W.Flem. soken), from PIE base *seue- "to take liquid" (see sup (2)). Slang meaning "to overcharge" first recorded 1895.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for soak up

soak

noun

A drunkard; lush, souse (1820+)

verb
  1. To hit; sock: to soak you in the midriff/ Why don't you soak him? (1896+)
  2. To overcharge; make someone pay exorbitantly: a good case of how soak-the-rich corporation taxes wind up right in the pocketbooks of all of us (1895+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with soak up
.
Absorb, take in, as in I lay there, soaking up the sun, or She often went to hear poets read their work, soaking up every word. This usage, alluding to absorbing a liquid, dates from the mid-1500s.
.
Drink to excess, as in She can really soak up her beer.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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