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sodden

[sod-n] /ˈsɒd n/
adjective
1.
soaked with liquid or moisture; saturated.
2.
heavy, lumpy, or soggy, as food that is poorly cooked.
3.
having a soaked appearance.
4.
bloated, as the face.
5.
expressionless, dull, or stupid, especially from drunkenness.
6.
lacking spirit or alertness; inert; torpid; listless.
7.
Archaic. boiled.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
8.
to make or become sodden.
9.
Obsolete. past participle of seethe.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English soden, sothen, past participle of sethen to seethe
Related forms
soddenly, adverb
soddenness, noun

seethe

[seeth] /sið/
verb (used without object), seethed or (Obsolete) sod; seethed or (Obsolete) sodden or sod; seething.
1.
to surge or foam as if boiling.
2.
to be in a state of agitation or excitement.
3.
Archaic. to boil.
verb (used with object), seethed or (Obsolete) sod; seethed or (Obsolete) sodden or sod; seething.
4.
to soak or steep.
5.
to cook by boiling or simmering; boil.
noun
6.
the act of seething.
7.
the state of being agitated or excited.
Origin
before 900; Middle English; Old English sēothan; cognate with German sieden, Swedish sjuda
Related forms
seethingly, adverb
unseethed, adjective
unseething, adjective
Synonyms
2. See boil1 .
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sod-den

seethe

/siːð/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to boil or to foam as if boiling
2.
(intransitive) to be in a state of extreme agitation, esp through anger
3.
(transitive) to soak in liquid
4.
(transitive) (archaic) to cook or extract the essence of (a food) by boiling
noun
5.
the act or state of seething
Word Origin
Old English sēothan; related to Old Norse sjōtha, Old High German siodan to seethe

sodden

/ˈsɒdən/
adjective
1.
completely saturated
2.
  1. dulled, esp by excessive drinking
  2. (in combination) a drink-sodden mind
3.
heavy or doughy, as bread is when improperly cooked
verb
4.
to make or become sodden
Derived Forms
soddenly, adverb
soddenness, noun
Word Origin
C13 soden, past participle of seethe
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for sod-den

seethe

v.

Old English seoþan "to boil," also figuratively, "be troubled in mind, brood" (class II strong verb; past tense seaþ, past participle soden), from Proto-Germanic *seuthan (cf. Old Norse sjoða, Old Frisian siatha, Dutch zieden, Old High German siodan, German sieden "to seethe"), from PIE root *seut- "to seethe, boil."

Driven out of its literal meaning by boil (v.); it survives largely in metaphoric extensions. Figurative use, of persons or populations, "to be in a state of inward agitation" is recorded from 1580s (implied in seething). It had wider figurative uses in Old English, e.g. "to try by fire, to afflict with cares." Now conjugated as a weak verb, and past participle sodden (q.v.) is no longer felt as connected.

sodden

adj.

"soaked or softened in water," 1820, earlier "resembling something that has been boiled a long time" (1590s), originally "boiled" (c.1300), from Old English soden "boiled," strong past participle of seoþan "to cook, boil" (see seethe). For sense evolution from "heat in water" to "immerse in water" cf. bath.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sod-den in the Bible

to boil (Ex. 16:23).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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