town, administrative headquarters of Sholapur district, Maharashtra state, western India, on the Sina River. In early centuries the town belonged to the Hindu Calukyas and Devagiri Yadavas but later became part of the Bahmani and Bijapur kingdoms. Located on major road and rail routes between Pune (Poona) and Hyderabad with branch lines to the south, the town developed as a commercial centre for cotton and agricultural produce. It is also an industrial centre, second only to Bombay as a cotton textile centre. There are ruins of the old Muslim fort.
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