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sol

1 [sohl]
noun Music.
1.
the syllable used for the fifth tone of a diatonic scale.
2.
(in the fixed system of solmization) the tone G.
Also, so.
Compare sol-fa ( def 1 ).


Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English < Latin solve; see gamut

sol

2 [sohl, sol]
noun
a former coin and money of account of France, the 20th part of a livre and equal to 12 deniers: originally gold, later silver, finally copper, it was discontinued in 1794.
Also, sou.
Compare solidus1 ( def 2 ).


Origin:
1575–85; < Old French sol < Late Latin solidus solidus; compare Italian soldo, Spanish sueldo

sole

2 [sohl]
noun
1.
the bottom or under surface of the foot.
2.
the corresponding under part of a shoe, boot, or the like, or this part exclusive of the heel.
3.
the bottom, under surface, or lower part of anything.
4.
Carpentry.
a.
the underside of a plane.
5.
Golf. the part of the head of the club that touches the ground.
verb (used with object), soled, soling.
6.
to furnish with a sole, as a shoe.
7.
Golf. to place the sole of (a club) on the ground, as in preparation for a stroke.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English (noun) < Old French < Latin solea sandal, sole, derivative of solum base, bottom

soleless, adjective

sol

3 [sohl, sol; Spanish sawl]
noun, plural sols Spanish, soles [saw-les] .
1.
a bronze coin and monetary unit of Peru, equal to 100 centavos. Abbreviation: S.
2.
Also called libra. a former gold coin of Peru.

Origin:
1880–85; < American Spanish: sun, Spanish < Latin sōl

sole

3 [sohl]
noun, plural (especially collectively) sole (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) soles.
1.
a European flatfish, Solea solea, used for food.
2.
any other flatfish of the families Soleidae and Cynoglossidae, having a hooklike snout.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English < Middle French < Old Provençal < Vulgar Latin *sola (for Latin solea; see sole2), so called from its flat shape; compare Spanish suela, Italian soglia, Portuguese solha

sol

4 [sawl, sol] .
noun Physical Chemistry.
a fluid colloidal solution.
Compare aerosol, gel.


Origin:
shortened form of hydrosol

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
sol1 (sɒl)
 
n
music another name for soh
 
[C14: see gamut]

sol2 (səʊl)
 
n
1.  short for new sol
2.  a former French copper or silver coin, usually worth 12 deniers
 
[C16: from Old French, from Late Latin: solidus]

sol3 (sɒl)
 
n
a colloid that has a continuous liquid phase, esp one in which a solid is suspended in a liquid
 
[C20: shortened from hydrosol]

sol4 (sɒl)
 
n
astronomy a solar day as measured on the planet Mars, equal to 24.65 hours
 
[C20: from Latin sōl the sun]

Sol (sɒl)
 
n
1.  Greek counterpart: Helios the Roman god personifying the sun
2.  a poetic word for the sun

sole1 (səʊl)
 
adj
1.  (prenominal) being the only one; only
2.  (prenominal) of or relating to one individual or group and no other: sole rights on a patent
3.  law See also feme sole having no wife or husband
4.  an archaic word for solitary
 
[C14: from Old French soule, from Latin sōlus alone]
 
'soleness1
 
n

sole2 (səʊl)
 
n
1.  the underside of the footRelated: plantar, volar
2.  the underside of a shoe
3.  a.  the bottom of a furrow
 b.  the bottom of a plough
4.  the underside of a golf-club head
5.  the bottom of an oven, furnace, etc
 
vb
6.  to provide (a shoe) with a sole
7.  golf to rest (the club) on the ground, as when preparing to make a stroke
 
Related: plantar, volar
 
[C14: via Old French from Latin solea sandal; probably related to solum the ground]
 
'soleless2
 
adj

sole3 (səʊl)
 
n , pl sole, soles
1.  any tongue-shaped flatfish of the family Soleidae, esp Solea solea (European sole): most common in warm seas and highly valued as food fishes
2.  any of certain other similar fishes
 
[C14: via Old French from Vulgar Latin sola (unattested), from Latin solea a sandal (from the fish's shape)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Sol
"the sun," mid-15c., from L. sol "the sun," from PIE *s(e)wol-, from base *saewel- "to shine, the sun" (cf. Skt. suryah, Avestan hvar "sun, light, heavens;" Gk. helios; Lith. saule; O.C.S. slunice; Goth. sauil, O.E. sol "sun," swegl "sky, heavens, the sun;" Welsh haul, O.Cornish heuul, Breton heol "sun;"
O.Ir. suil "eye"). The PIE element -*el- in the root originally was a suffix and had an alternative form -*en-, yielding *s(u)wen-, source of Eng. sun (q.v.).

sole
"bottom of the foot," early 14c., from O.Fr. sole, from L. solea "sandal, bottom of a shoe," from solum "bottom, ground, soil," of unknown origin. The verb meaning "to provide with a sole" is recorded from 1560s.

sole
"single," late 14c., from O.Fr. soul (fem. soule), from L. solus "alone," of unknown origin, perhaps related to se "oneself," from PIE reflexive base *swo- (see so). Adv. solely is attested from 1495.

sole
"flatfish," 1252, from O.Fr. sole, from L. solea "a kind of flatfish," originally "sandal" (see sole (n.1)), so called from resemblance of the fish to a sandal.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

sol (sôl, sōl)
n.
A colloidal dispersion of a solid in a liquid.

sole (sōl)
n.
The underside of the foot.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
SOL
shit out of luck
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
With the exception of the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet you'll
  note small, fine hairs everywhere.
Rolls of leather stand alongside a pile of rubber soles.
He set off on his journey wearing three layers of garments and sturdy shoes
  with bearskin soles.
To enjoy the caves safely and comfortably, wear shoes with nonskid soles and
  take a jacket.
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