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soleus

[soh-lee-uh s] /ˈsoʊ li əs/
noun, plural solei
[soh-lee-ahy] /ˈsoʊ liˌaɪ/ (Show IPA),
soleuses.
1.
a muscle in the calf of the leg, behind the gastrocnemius muscle, that helps extend the foot forward.
Origin
1670-1680
1670-80; < New Latin, masculine derivative of Latin solea sandal; see sole2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for soleus
n.

muscle of the calf of the leg, 1670s, Modern Latin, from Latin solea "sole" (see sole (n.1)). So called for its flatness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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