solfeggio

solfeggio

[sol-fej-oh, -fej-ee-oh]
noun, plural solfeggi [sol-fej-ee] , solfeggios. Music.
1.
a vocal exercise in which the sol-fa syllables are used.
2.
the use of the sol-fa syllables to name or represent the tones of a melody or voice part, or the tones of the scale, or of a particular series, as the scale of C; solmization.

Origin:
1765–75; < Italian, derivative of solfeggiare, equivalent to solf(a) (see sol-fa) + -eggiare v. suffix

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solfeggio or solfège (sɒlˈfɛdʒɪəʊ, sɒlˈfɛʒ)
 
n , pl -feggi, -feggios, -fèges
1.  a voice exercise in which runs, scales, etc, are sung to the same syllable or syllables
2.  solmization, esp the French or Italian system, in which the names correspond to the notes of the scale of C major
 
[C18: from Italian solfeggiare to use the syllables sol-fa; see gamut]
 
solfège or solfège (sɒlˈfɛdʒɪəʊ, sɒlˈfɛʒ, -ˈfɛdʒiː)
 
n
 
[C18: from Italian solfeggiare to use the syllables sol-fa; see gamut]

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Encyclopedia Britannica
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solfeggio

vocal exercises sung to the solmization syllables (do, re, mi, etc.) and, by extension, vocalizes, or exercises sung to a single vowel, often florid and difficult to master. Solfeggio collections survive from the 17th century onward, with examples by leading composers of 18th-century opera, such as Nicola Porpora (also a singer and famed singing teacher) and Alessandro Scarlatti and, reaching into the 19th century, Luigi Cherubini. Later composers of such exercises include Maurice Ravel, Gabriel Faure, Vincent d'Indy, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Heitor Villa-Lobos, and Sergey Rachmaninoff. The word solfege sometimes refers to an intensive course in the knowledge of musical intervals and their notation.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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