soliloquy

[suh-lil-uh-kwee]
noun, plural soliloquies.
1.
an utterance or discourse by a person who is talking to himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious to any hearers present (often used as a device in drama to disclose a character's innermost thoughts): Hamlet's soliloquy begins with “To be or not to be.”
2.
the act of talking while or as if alone.

Origin:
1595–1605; < Late Latin sōliloquium a talking to oneself, soliloquy, equivalent to sōli- soli-1 + loqu(ī) to speak + -ium -ium; see -y3

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World English Dictionary
soliloquy (səˈlɪləkwɪ)
 
n , pl -quies
1.  the act of speaking alone or to oneself, esp as a theatrical device
2.  a speech in a play that is spoken in soliloquy: Hamlet's first soliloquy
 
usage  Soliloquy is sometimes wrongly used where monologue is meant. Both words refer to a long speech by one person, but a monologue can be addressed to other people, whereas in a soliloquy the speaker is always talking to himself or herself

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

soliloquy
c.1600, from L.L. soliloquium "a talking to oneself," from L. solus "alone" + loqui "speak." First used in translation of L. "Liber Soliloquiorum," a treatise by Augustine, who is said to have coined the word, on analogy of Gk. monologia (see monologue). Verb soliloquize is recorded from 1759.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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