solitariness

solitary

[sol-i-ter-ee]
adjective
1.
alone; without companions; unattended: a solitary passer-by.
2.
living alone; avoiding the society of others: a solitary existence.
3.
by itself; alone: one solitary house.
4.
characterized by the absence of companions: a solitary journey.
5.
done without assistance or accompaniment; done in solitude: solitary chores.
6.
being the only one: a solitary exception.
7.
characterized by solitude, as a place; unfrequented, secluded, or lonely: a solitary cabin in the woods.
8.
Zoology. living habitually alone or in pairs, as certain wasps. Compare social ( def 11 ).
noun, plural solitaries.
9.
a person who lives alone or in solitude, or avoids the society of others.
10.
a person who lives in solitude from religious motives.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English < Latin sōlitārius alone, by itself, solitary, equivalent to sōlit(ās) solitude (sōl(us) sole1 + -itās -ity) + -ārius -ary

solitarily, adverb
solitariness, noun
unsolitary, adjective


1. lone. 7. isolated, retired, sequestered, remote. 9, 10. hermit, recluse. 10. eremite.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
solitary (ˈsɒlɪtərɪ, -trɪ)
 
adj
1.  following or enjoying a life of solitude: a solitary disposition
2.  experienced or performed alone: a solitary walk
3.  (of a place) unfrequented
4.  (prenominal) single; sole: a solitary speck in the sky
5.  having few companions; lonely
6.  social Compare gregarious (of animals) not living in organized colonies or large groups: solitary bees; a solitary elephant
7.  (of flowers) growing singly
 
n , -taries
8.  a person who lives in seclusion; hermit; recluse
9.  informal short for solitary confinement
 
[C14: from Latin sōlitārius, from sōlussole1]
 
'solitarily
 
adv
 
'solitariness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

solitary
mid-14c., from O.Fr. solitaire, from L. solitarius "alone, lonely," from solitas "loneliness, solitude," from solus "alone" (see sole (adj.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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