somatic cell

noun Cell Biology.
1.
one of the cells that take part in the formation of the body, becoming differentiated into the various tissues, organs, etc.
2.
any cell other than a germ cell.

Origin:
1885–90

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
somatic cell
 
n
Compare germ cell any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

somatic cell n.
Any cell of a plant or an animal other than a germ cell.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

somatic cell

in biology, all the living matter of an animal or a plant except the reproductive, or germ, cells. The distinction between the soma and the germ cells was propounded by the 19th-century German biologist August Weismann in the "germ plasm" theory that emphasized the role of the immortal, heredity-carrying genes and chromosomes, which are transmitted through successive generations of each species and determine the character of each individual in the propagative chain

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
In nuclear transplantation cloning, the nucleus is removed from an egg and replaced with the diploid nucleus of a somatic cell.
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