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somersault

[suhm-er-sawlt] /ˈsʌm ərˌsɔlt/
noun
1.
an acrobatic movement, either forward or backward, in which the body rolls end over end, making a complete revolution.
2.
such a movement performed in the air as part of a dive, tumbling routine, etc.
3.
a complete overturn or reversal, as of opinion.
verb (used without object)
4.
to perform a somersault.
Also, somerset
[suhm-er-set] /ˈsʌm ərˌsɛt/ (Show IPA),
summersault, summerset.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; < Middle French sombresaut, alteration of sobresault; compare Old Provençal sobre over (< Latin super), saut a leap (< Latin saltus)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for somersault's

somersault

/ˈsʌməˌsɔːlt/
noun
1.
  1. a forward roll in which the head is placed on the ground and the trunk and legs are turned over it
  2. a similar roll in a backward direction
2.
an acrobatic feat in which either of these rolls are performed in midair, as in diving or gymnastics
3.
a complete reversal of opinion, policy, etc
verb
4.
(intransitive) to perform a somersault
Word Origin
C16: from Old French soubresault, probably from Old Provençal sobresaut, from sobre over (from Latin super) + saut a jump, leap (from Latin saltus)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for somersault's

somersault

n.

1520s, from Middle French sombresault, from Old Provençal sobresaut, from sobre "over" (from Latin supra "over;" see supra-) + saut "a jump," from Latin saltus, from the root of salire "to leap" (see salient (adj.)). Sometimes further corrupted to somerset, etc.

v.

1850, from somersault (n.). Related: Somersaulted; somersaulting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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