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sooth

[sooth] /suθ/ Archaic.
noun
1.
truth, reality, or fact.
adjective
2.
soothing, soft, or sweet.
3.
true or real.
Origin of sooth
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English sōth; cognate with Old Saxon sōth, Old Norse sannr, Gothic sunjis true, Sanskrit sat, sant true, real; akin to is
Related forms
soothly, adverb

soothe

[sooth] /suð/
verb (used with object), soothed, soothing.
1.
to tranquilize or calm, as a person or the feelings; relieve, comfort, or refresh:
soothing someone's anger; to soothe someone with a hot drink.
2.
to mitigate, assuage, or allay, as pain, sorrow, or doubt:
to soothe sunburned skin.
verb (used without object), soothed, soothing.
3.
to exert a soothing influence; bring tranquillity, calm, ease, or comfort.
Origin
before 950; Middle English sothen to verify, Old English sōthian, equivalent to sōth sooth + -ian infinitive suffix; Modern English sense shift “to verify” > “to support (a person's statement)” > “to encourage” > “to calm”
Related forms
soother, noun
self-soothed, adjective
unsoothed, adjective
Synonyms
1. See comfort, allay. 2. alleviate, appease, mollify.
Antonyms
1. upset, roil.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for soother

sooth

/suːθ/
noun
1.
truth or reality (esp in the phrase in sooth)
adjective
2.
true or real
3.
smooth
Derived Forms
soothly, adverb
Word Origin
Old English sōth; related to Old Norse sathr true, Old High German sand, Gothic sunja truth, Latin sōns guilty, sonticus critical

soothe

/suːð/
verb
1.
(transitive) to make calm or tranquil
2.
(transitive) to relieve or assuage (pain, longing, etc)
3.
(intransitive) to bring tranquillity or relief
Derived Forms
soother, noun
Word Origin
C16 (in the sense: to mollify): from Old English sōthian to prove; related to Old Norse sanna to assert; see sooth
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for soother

sooth

n.

Old English soð "truth, justice, righteousness, rectitude; reality, certainty," noun use of soð (adj.) "true, genuine, real; just, righteous," originally *sonð-, from Proto-Germanic *santhaz (cf. Old Norse sannr, Old Saxon soth, Old High German sand "true," Gothic sunja "truth").

The group is related to Old English synn "sin" and Latin sontis "guilty" (truth is related to guilt via "being the one;" see sin (v.)), from PIE *es-ont- "being, existence," thus "real, true," from present participle of root *es-, the s-form of the verb "to be" (see be), preserved in Latin sunt "they are" and German sind. Archaic in English, it is the root of modern words for "true" in Swedish (sann) and Danish (sand). In common use until mid-17c., then obsolete until revived as an archaism early 19c. by Scott, etc. Used for Latin pro- in translating compounds into Old English, e.g. soðtacen "prodigy," soðfylgan "prosequi."

soothe

v.

Old English soðian "show to be true," from soð "true" (see sooth). Sense of "quiet, comfort, mollify" is first recorded 1690s, via notion of "to assuage one by asserting that what he says is true" (i.e. to be a yes-man), a sense attested from 1560s (and cf. Old English gesoð "a parasite, flatterer"). Meaning "reduce the intensity" (of a pain, etc.) is from 1711. Related: Soothed; soothing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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