sophist

[sof-ist]
noun
1.
(often initial capital letter) Greek History.
a.
any of a class of professional teachers in ancient Greece who gave instruction in various fields, as in general culture, rhetoric, politics, or disputation.
b.
a person belonging to this class at a later period who, while professing to teach skill in reasoning, concerned himself with ingenuity and specious effectiveness rather than soundness of argument.
2.
a person who reasons adroitly and speciously rather than soundly.
3.
a philosopher.

Origin:
1535–45; < Latin sophista < Greek sophistḗs sage, derivative of sophízesthai

antisophist, noun, adjective
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World English Dictionary
sophist (ˈsɒfɪst)
 
n
1.  (often capital) one of the pre-Socratic philosophers who were itinerant professional teachers of oratory and argument and who were prepared to enter into debate on any matter however specious
2.  a person who uses clever or quibbling arguments that are fundamentally unsound
 
[C16: from Latin sophista, from Greek sophistēs a wise man, from sophizesthai to act craftily]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sophist
1542, earlier sophister (c.1380), from L. sophista, sophistes, from Gk. sophistes, from sophizesthai "to become wise or learned," from sophos "wise, clever," of unknown origin. Gk. sophistes came to mean "one who gives intellectual instruction for pay," and, contrasted with "philosopher," it became a
term of contempt. Ancient sophists were famous for their clever, specious arguments.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for sophist
This view was first recorded with the presocratic sophist gorgias.
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