[sof-uh-mawr, -mohr; sof-mawr, -mohr]
a student in the second year of high school or college.
a person or group in the second year of any endeavor: He's a sophomore on Wall Street.
of or pertaining to a sophomore.
of or being a second effort or second version: Their sophomore album was even better than their first.

1645–55; earlier sophumer, probably equivalent to sophum sophism + -er1

presophomore, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sophomore (ˈsɒfəˌmɔː)
1.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) a second-year student at a secondary (high) school or college
2.  (of a book, recording, etc by an artist) second: her sophomore album
[C17: perhaps from earlier sophumer, from sophum, variant of sophism + -er1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1688, "student in the second year of university study," lit. "arguer," altered from sophumer (1653, from sophume, archaic variant form of sophism), probably by influence of folk etymology derivation from Gk. sophos "wise" + moros "foolish, dull." Short form soph is attested
from 1778. Sophomoric "characteristic of a sophomore" (regarded as self-assured and opinionated but crude and immature) is attested from 1837.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Freshmen and sophomores at four-year colleges are not eligible.
It is really easy to keep freshmen and sophomores grounded.
They were selected when they were sophomores, and they have been probed, poked
  and measured ever since.
Some kids are ready for algebra in eighth grade, some as sophomores.
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