a rapid movement of troops from a besieged place to attack the besiegers.
a body of troops involved in such a movement.
the flying of an airplane on a combat mission.
verb (used without object), sortied, sortieing.
to go on a sortie; sally forth.

1680–90; < French, noun use of feminine past participle of sortir to go out Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sortie (ˈsɔːtɪ)
1.  a.  (of troops, etc) the act of emerging from a contained or besieged position
 b.  the troops doing this
2.  an operational flight made by one aircraft
3.  a short or relatively short return trip
vb , -ties, -tieing, -tied
4.  (intr) to make a sortie
[C17: from French: a going out, from sortir to go out]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"attack of the besieged upon the besiegers," 1778, from Fr. sortie, lit. "a going out," noun use of fem. pp. of sortir "go out," from O.Fr., "to go out, escape," from V.L. *surctire, from pp. of L. surgere "rise up" (see surge).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Guests can opt for guided sorties, or they can ride and paddle at their own
But from here commanders supervise tens of thousands of sorties a year.
Today, conflicts tend to be drawn-out, low-intensity affairs requiring fewer
  but longer sorties by sea-launched planes.
Nonetheless, there is always a small minority of restless males who insist on
  making small sorties into the frozen countryside.
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