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sough1

[sou, suhf] /saʊ, sʌf/
verb (used without object)
1.
to make a rushing, rustling, or murmuring sound:
the wind soughing in the meadow.
2.
Scot. and North England. to speak, especially to preach, in a whining, singsong voice.
noun
3.
a sighing, rustling, or murmuring sound.
4.
Scot. and North England.
  1. a sigh or deep breath.
  2. a whining, singsong manner of speaking.
  3. a rumor; unconfirmed report.
Origin
900
before 900; (v.) Middle English swoghen, Old English swōgan to make a noise; cognate with Old Saxon swōgan, Old English swēgan, Gothic -swōgjan; (noun) Middle English swow, swo(u)gh, derivative of the v.
Related forms
soughfully, adverb
soughless, adjective

sough2

[suhf, sou] /sʌf, saʊ/
noun
1.
drain; drainage ditch, gutter, or sewer.
2.
a swampy or marshy area.
verb (used with object)
3.
to drain (land or a mine) by building drainage ditches or the like.
Also, especially Scot., sugh.
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English sogh, sohn < ?; compare Dutch (dial.) zoeg little ditch
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for soughing

sough1

/saʊ/
verb
1.
(intransitive) (esp of the wind) to make a characteristic sighing sound
noun
2.
a soft continuous murmuring sound
Word Origin
Old English swōgan to resound; related to Gothic gaswogjan to groan, Lithuanian svageti to sound, Latin vāgīre to lament

sough2

/sʌf/
noun
1.
(Northern English, dialect) a sewer or drain or an outlet channel
Word Origin
of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for soughing

sough

v.

"to make a moaning or murmuring sound," Old English swogan "to sound, roar, howl, rustle, whistle," from Proto-Germanic *swoganan (cf. Old Saxon swogan "to rustle," Gothic gaswogjan "to sigh"), from PIE imitative root *(s)wagh- (cf. Greek echo, Latin vagire "to cry, roar, sound"). The noun is late 14c., from the verb.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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