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sound1

[sound] /saʊnd/
noun
1.
the sensation produced by stimulation of the organs of hearing by vibrations transmitted through the air or other medium.
2.
mechanical vibrations transmitted through an elastic medium, traveling in air at a speed of approximately 1087 feet (331 meters) per second at sea level.
3.
the particular auditory effect produced by a given cause:
the sound of music.
4.
any auditory effect; any audible vibrational disturbance:
all kinds of sounds.
5.
a noise, vocal utterance, musical tone, or the like:
the sounds from the next room.
6.
a distinctive, characteristic, or recognizable musical style, as from a particular performer, orchestra, or type of arrangement:
the big-band sound.
7.
Phonetics.
  1. speech sound.
  2. the audible result of an utterance or portion of an utterance: the s-sound in “slight”; the sound of m in “mere.”.
8.
the auditory effect of sound waves as transmitted or recorded by a particular system of sound reproduction:
the sound of a stereophonic recording.
9.
the quality of an event, letter, etc., as it affects a person:
This report has a bad sound.
10.
the distance within which the noise of something may be heard.
11.
mere noise, without meaning:
all sound and fury.
12.
Archaic. a report or rumor; news; tidings.
verb (used without object)
13.
to make or emit a sound.
14.
to give forth a sound as a call or summons:
The bugle sounded as the troops advanced.
15.
to be heard, as a sound.
16.
to convey a certain impression when heard or read:
to sound strange.
17.
to give a specific sound:
to sound loud.
18.
to give the appearance of being; seem:
The report sounds true.
19.
Law. to have as its basis or foundation (usually followed by in):
His action sounds in contract.
verb (used with object)
20.
to cause to make or emit a sound:
to sound a bell.
21.
to give forth (a sound):
The oboe sounded an A.
22.
to announce, order, or direct by or as by a sound:
The bugle sounded retreat. His speech sounded a warning to aggressor nations.
23.
to utter audibly, pronounce, or express:
to sound each letter.
24.
to examine by percussion or auscultation:
to sound a patient's chest.
Verb phrases
25.
sound off, Informal.
  1. to call out one's name, as at military roll call.
  2. to speak freely or frankly, especially to complain in such a manner.
  3. to exaggerate; boast:
    Has he been sounding off about his golf game again?
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; (noun) Middle English soun < Anglo-French (Old French son) < Latin sonus; (v.) Middle English sounen < Old French suner < Latin sonāre, derivative of sonus
Related forms
soundable, adjective
unsoundable, adjective
Synonym Study
1. Sound, noise, tone refer to something heard. Sound and noise are often used interchangeably for anything perceived by means of hearing. Sound, however, is more general in application, being used for anything within earshot: the sound of running water. Noise, caused by irregular vibrations, is more properly applied to a loud, discordant, or unpleasant sound: the noise of shouting. Tone is applied to a musical sound having a certain quality, resonance, and pitch.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sound off

sound off

verb (intransitive, adverb)
1.
to proclaim loudly, as in venting one's opinions, grievances, etc
2.
to speak angrily

sound1

/saʊnd/
noun
1.
  1. a periodic disturbance in the pressure or density of a fluid or in the elastic strain of a solid, produced by a vibrating object. It has a velocity in air at sea level at 0°C of 331 metres per second (741 miles per hour) and travels as longitudinal waves
  2. (as modifier): a sound wave
2.
(modifier) of or relating to radio as distinguished from television: sound broadcasting, sound radio
3.
the sensation produced by such a periodic disturbance in the organs of hearing
4.
anything that can be heard
5.
a particular instance, quality, or type of sound: the sound of running water
6.
volume or quality of sound: a radio with poor sound
7.
the area or distance over which something can be heard: to be born within the sound of Big Ben
8.
the impression or implication of something: I don't like the sound of that
9.
(phonetics) the auditory effect produced by a specific articulation or set of related articulations
10.
(often pl) (slang) music, esp rock, jazz, or pop
verb
11.
to cause (something, such as an instrument) to make a sound or (of an instrument, etc) to emit a sound
12.
to announce or be announced by a sound: to sound the alarm
13.
(intransitive) (of a sound) to be heard
14.
(intransitive) to resonate with a certain quality or intensity: to sound loud
15.
(copula) to give the impression of being as specified when read, heard, etc: to sound reasonable
16.
(transitive) to pronounce distinctly or audibly: to sound one's consonants
17.
(law) (intransitive) usually foll by in. to have the essential quality or nature (of): an action sounding in damages
See also sound off
Derived Forms
soundable, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French soner to make a sound, from Latin sonāre, from sonus a sound

sound2

/saʊnd/
adjective
1.
free from damage, injury, decay, etc
2.
firm; solid; substantial: a sound basis
3.
financially safe or stable: a sound investment
4.
showing good judgment or reasoning; sensible; wise: sound advice
5.
valid, logical, or justifiable: a sound argument
6.
holding approved beliefs; ethically correct; upright; honest
7.
(of sleep) deep; peaceful; unbroken
8.
thorough; complete: a sound examination
9.
(Brit, informal) excellent
10.
(law) (of a title, etc) free from defect; legally valid
11.
constituting a valid and justifiable application of correct principles; orthodox: sound theology
12.
(logic)
  1. (of a deductive argument) valid
  2. (of an inductive argument) according with whatever principles ensure the high probability of the truth of the conclusion given the truth of the premises
  3. another word for consistent (sense 5b)
adverb
13.
soundly; deeply: now archaic except when applied to sleep
Derived Forms
soundly, adverb
soundness, noun
Word Origin
Old English sund; related to Old Saxon gisund, Old High German gisunt

sound3

/saʊnd/
verb
1.
to measure the depth of (a well, the sea, etc) by lowering a plumb line, by sonar, etc
2.
to seek to discover (someone's views, etc), as by questioning
3.
(intransitive) (of a whale, etc) to dive downwards swiftly and deeply
4.
(med)
  1. to probe or explore (a bodily cavity or passage) by means of a sound
  2. to examine (a patient) by means of percussion and auscultation
noun
5.
(med) an instrument for insertion into a bodily cavity or passage to dilate strictures, dislodge foreign material, etc
See also sound out
Word Origin
C14: from Old French sonder, from sonde sounding line, probably of Germanic origin; related to Old English sundgyrd sounding pole, Old Norse sund strait, sound4; see swim

sound4

/saʊnd/
noun
1.
a relatively narrow channel between two larger areas of sea or between an island and the mainland
2.
an inlet or deep bay of the sea
3.
the air bladder of a fish
Word Origin
Old English sund swimming, narrow sea; related to Middle Low German sunt strait; see sound³

Sound

/saʊnd/
noun
1.
the Sound, a strait between SW Sweden and Zealand (Denmark), linking the Kattegat with the Baltic: busy shipping lane; spanned by a bridge in 2000. Length of the strait: 113 km (70 miles). Narrowest point: 5 km (3 miles) Danish name Øresund Swedish name Öresund
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sound off

sound

n.

"noise, what is heard, sensation produced through the ear," late 13c., soun, from Old French son "sound, musical note, voice," from Latin sonus "sound, a noise," from PIE *swon-o-, from root *swen- "to sound" (cf. Sanskrit svanati "it sounds," svanah "sound, tone;" Latin sonare "to sound;" Old Irish senim "the playing of an instrument;" Old English geswin "music, song," swinsian "to sing;" Old Norse svanr, Old English swan "swan," properly "the sounding bird").

The terminal -d was established c.1350-1550 as part of a tendency to add -d- after -n-. First record of sound barrier is from 1939. Sound check is from 1977; sound effects is 1909, originally live accompaniments to silent films.

The experts of Victor ... will ... arrange for the synchronized orchestration and sound effects for this picture, in which airplane battles will have an important part. ["Exhibitor's Herald & Moving Picture World," April 28, 1928]

"narrow channel of water," c.1300, from Old Norse sund "a strait, swimming," or from cognate Old English sund "act of swimming, stretch of water one can swim across, a strait of the sea," both from Proto-Germanic *sundam-, from *swum-to-, suffixed form of Germanic root *swem- "to move, stir, swim" (see swim (v.)).

adj.

"free from special defect or injury," c.1200, from Old English gesund "sound, safe, having the organs and faculties complete and in perfect action," from Proto-Germanic *sunda-, from Germanic root *swen-to- "healthy, strong" (cf. Old Saxon gisund, Old Frisian sund, Dutch gezond, Old High German gisunt, German gesund "healthy," as in the post-sneezing interjection gesundheit; also Old English swið "strong," Gothic swinþs "strong," German geschwind "fast, quick"), with connections in Indo-Iranian and Balto-Slavic. Meaning "right, correct, free from error" is from mid-15c. Meaning "financially solid or safe" is attested from c.1600; of sleep, "undisturbed," from 1540s. Sense of "holding accepted opinions" is from 1520s.

v.

early 13c., sounen "to be audible, produce vibrations affecting the ear," from Old French soner (Modern French sonner) and directly from Latin sonare "to sound" (see sonata). From late 14c. as "cause something (an instrument, etc.) to produce sound." Related: Sounded; sounding.

"fathom, probe, measure the depth of," mid-14c. (implied in sounding), from Old French sonder, from sonde "sounding line," perhaps from the same Germanic source that yielded Old English sund "water, sea" (see sound (n.2)). Barnhart dismisses the old theory that it is from Latin subundare. Figurative use from 1570s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sound off in Medicine

sound 1 (sound)
n.

  1. Vibrations transmitted through an elastic material or a solid, liquid, or gas, with frequencies in the range of 20 to 20,000 hertz, capable of being detected by human organs of hearing.

  2. Transmitted vibrations of any frequency.

  3. A distinctive noise.

v. sound·ed, sound·ing, sounds
To auscultate.

sound 2
adj.

  1. Free from defect, decay, or damage; in good condition.

  2. Free from disease or injury.

sound 3
n.
An instrument used to examine or explore body cavities, as for foreign bodies or other abnormalities, or to dilate strictures in them. v. sound·ed, sound·ing, sounds
To probe a body cavity with a sound.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
sound off in Science
sound 1
  (sound)   
  1. A type of longitudinal wave that originates as the vibration of a medium (such as a person's vocal cords or a guitar string) and travels through gases, liquids, and elastic solids as variations of pressure and density. The loudness of a sound perceived by the ear depends on the amplitude of the sound wave and is measured in decibels, while its pitch depends on its frequency, measured in hertz.

  2. The sensation produced in the organs of hearing by waves of this type. See Note at ultrasound.


sound 2
  (sound)   
  1. A long, wide inlet of the ocean, often parallel to the coast. Long Island Sound, between Long Island and the coast of New England, is an example.

  2. A long body of water, wider than a strait, that connects larger bodies of water.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for sound off

sound off

verb phrase
  1. To talk, esp to complain, loud and long; bluster: Its leaders have sounded off on various issues (WWI Army)
  2. To boast; brag: He was sounding off again about what a big shot he is (WWII Army)

sound

verb
  1. To taunt or provoke; goad; razz
  2. signify (1950s+ Street gangs)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with sound off

sound off

Express one's views vigorously and loudly, as in Dad's always sounding off about higher taxes. This expression probably comes from the original meaning, that is, “strike up a military band.” [ Early 1900s ]
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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6
8
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