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South Pole

noun
1.
Geography. the southern end of the earth's axis, the southernmost point on earth.
2.
Astronomy. the point at which the axis of the earth extended cuts the southern half of the celestial sphere; the south celestial pole.
3.
(lowercase) the pole of a magnet that seeks the earth's south magnetic pole.
4.
(lowercase) See under magnetic pole (def 1).
Origin
1585-1595
1585-95, for def 1

magnetic pole

noun
1.
the region of a magnet toward which the lines of magnetic induction converge (south pole) or from which the lines of induction diverge (north pole)
2.
either of the two points on the earth's surface where the dipping needle of a compass stands vertical, one in the arctic, the other in the antarctic.
Origin
1695-1705
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for South Pole

South Pole

noun
1.
the southernmost point on the earth's axis, at the latitude of 90°S
2.
(astronomy) the point of intersection, in the constellation Octans, of the earth's extended axis and the southern half of the celestial sphere
3.
(usually not capitals) the south-seeking pole of a freely suspended magnet

magnetic pole

noun
1.
either of two regions in a magnet where the magnetic induction is concentrated
2.
either of two variable points on the earth's surface towards which a magnetic needle points, where the lines of force of the earth's magnetic field are vertical
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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South Pole in Science
South Pole  

The southern end of the Earth's axis of rotation, located at 90° south latitude at a point in Antarctica. See more at axis.
magnetic pole  
  1. Either of two regions of a magnet, designated north and south, where the magnetic field is strongest. Electromagnetic interactions cause the north poles of magnets to be attracted to the south poles of other magnets, and conversely. The north pole of a magnet is the pole out of which magnetic lines of force point, while the south pole is the pole into which they point. The Earth's geomagnetic "north" and "south" poles are, in fact, magnetically the opposite of what their names suggest; this is why the north end of a compass needle is attracted to the geomagnetic "north" pole. See Note at magnetism, See also monopole.

  2. Either of two regions of the Earth's surface at which magnetic lines of force are perpendicular to the Earth's surface. The Earth's magnetic poles are close to, but not identical with, both its geographic poles (the North and South Poles) and its geomagnetic poles. See Note at magnetic reversal.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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South Pole in Culture

South Pole definition


The southern end or pole of the Earth's axis. (See Antarctic and Antarctica.)

magnetic pole definition


The spot on the Earth toward which a compass needle will point.

Note: The north magnetic pole is not located exactly at the geographic North Pole. Therefore, depending on where a compass is, its needle may not point exactly north.
Note: The variation between magnetic north and “true” north is usually shown on navigation maps as the “angle of declination.”
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for South Pole

magnetic pole

region at each end of a magnet where the external magnetic field is strongest. A bar magnet suspended in the Earth's magnetic field orients itself in a north-south direction. The north-seeking pole of such a magnet, or any similar pole, is called a north magnetic pole. The south-seeking pole, or any pole similar to it, is called a south magnetic pole. Unlike poles of different magnets attract each other; like poles repel each other

Learn more about magnetic pole with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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