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sovereign

[sov-rin, sov-er-in, suhv-] /ˈsɒv rɪn, ˈsɒv ər ɪn, ˈsʌv-/
noun
1.
a monarch; a king, queen, or other supreme ruler.
2.
a person who has supreme power or authority.
3.
a group or body of persons or a state having sovereign authority.
4.
a gold coin of the United Kingdom, equal to one pound sterling: went out of circulation after 1914.
adjective
5.
belonging to or characteristic of a sovereign or sovereign authority; royal.
6.
having supreme rank, power, or authority.
7.
supreme; preeminent; indisputable:
a sovereign right.
8.
greatest in degree; utmost or extreme.
9.
being above all others in character, importance, excellence, etc.
10.
efficacious; potent:
a sovereign remedy.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English soverain (alteration by influence of reign) < Old French soverain < Vulgar Latin *superānus, equivalent to Latin super- super- + -ānus -an
Related forms
sovereignly, adverb
nonsovereign, noun, adjective
nonsovereignly, adverb
quasi-sovereign, adjective
subsovereign, noun, adjective
supersovereign, adjective, noun
undersovereign, noun
unsovereign, adjective
Synonyms
1. emperor, empress, potentate. 3. government. 5. regal, majestic, imperial, princely, monarchical, kingly, queenly. 7. chief, paramount, principal, predominant. 10. effective, effectual.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for sovereigns
  • Although too much of a soldier among sovereigns, no one could claim with better right to be a sovereign among soldiers.
  • sovereigns usually prefer auctions because they result in lower borrowing costs.
  • One stressed sovereign can generate instability in financial markets which can transmit stress to other sovereigns.
  • Nor was there enough progress in increasing the rescue funds for troubled sovereigns.
  • Clearly, the market is treating certain sovereigns as much more risky than others.
  • All sovereigns need flexibility to hire private agents to aid them in conducting their governmental functions.
  • However, he was alternately in and out of favor with his sovereigns.
British Dictionary definitions for sovereigns

sovereign

/ˈsɒvrɪn/
noun
1.
a person exercising supreme authority, esp a monarch
2.
a former British gold coin worth one pound sterling
adjective
3.
supreme in rank or authority a sovereign lord
4.
excellent or outstanding a sovereign remedy
5.
of, relating to, or characteristic of a sovereign
6.
independent of outside authority a sovereign state
Derived Forms
sovereignly, adverb
Word Origin
C13: from Old French soverain, from Vulgar Latin superānus (unattested), from Latin super above; also influenced by reign
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sovereigns
sovereign
late 13c., from O.Fr. soverain, from V.L. *superanus "chief, principal," from L. super "over" (see super-). Spelling influenced by folk-etymology association with reign. Milton spelled it sovran, as though from It. sovrano. Meaning "gold coin worth 22s 6d" first recorded 1490s; value changed 1817 to 1 pound. As an adj., attested from early 14c.; of remedies or medicines, "potent in a high degree," from late 14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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