spastic

[spas-tik]
adjective
1.
Pathology. pertaining to, of the nature of, or characterized by spasm, especially tonic spasm.
2.
Slang: Offensive. awkward or clumsy.
noun
3.
Pathology. a person exhibiting spasms.
4.
Slang: Offensive. an awkward or clumsy person.

Origin:
1745–55; < Latin spasticus afflicted with spasms < Greek spastikós of a spasm, equivalent to spas-, stem of spân to pull off, pluck, convulse + -tikos -tic

spastically, adverb
spasticity [spa-stis-i-tee] , noun


The slang use of spastic (or spaz) to mean “clumsy” is perceived as insulting to people who are affected with muscular spasms.
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World English Dictionary
spastic (ˈspæstɪk, spæsˈtɪsɪtɪ)
 
n
1.  an old-fashioned and now offensive name for a person who has cerebral palsy
2.  taboo, slang a clumsy, incapable, or incompetent person
 
adj
3.  affected by or resembling spasms
4.  taboo, slang clumsy, incapable or incompetent
 
[C18: from Latin spasticus, from Greek spastikos, from spasmosspasm]
 
'spastically
 
adv
 
spas'ticity
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

spastic
1753, from L. spasticus, from Gk. spastikos "afflicted with spasms," lit. "drawing, pulling," from span "draw up" (see spasm). The noun meaning "a person affected with spastic paralysis" is attested from 1896; derogatory slang shortening spaz first recorded 1965.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

spastic spas·tic (spās'tĭk)
adj.

  1. Relating to or affected by spasm.

  2. Relating to spastic paralysis.

spasticity spas·tic·i·ty (spā-stĭs'ĭ-tē)
n.

  1. A spastic state or condition.

  2. Spastic paralysis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Many patients are left with physical weakness and often have accompanying pain and spasticity.
Other drugs that may worsen symptoms are certain antidepressants and drugs used to treat spasticity.
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