spearfish

[speer-fish]
noun, plural (especially collectively) spearfish (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) spearfishes.
1.
any of several fishes of the genus Tetrapturus, resembling the sailfish but having the first dorsal fin much less developed: inhabiting all seas, but rare.
2.
any of several related fishes.
verb (used without object), spearfished, spearfishing.
3.
to fish underwater using a spearlike implement used manually or propelled mechanically.

Origin:
1880–85, Americanism; spear1 + fish

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Collins
World English Dictionary
spearfish (ˈspɪəˌfɪʃ)
 
n , pl -fish, -fishes
another name for marlin
 
[so named because of its long pointed jaw]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

spearfish

any of certain marine fishes of the genus Tetrapterus, family Istiophoridae (order Perciformes). Spearfishes are characterized by a relatively short snout in comparison with other spear-nosed fishes. Several species may be recognized; two, T. audax and T. albidus, are commonly called marlin (q.v.). The shortbill, or short-nosed, spearfish (T. angustirostris or T. brevirostris) is a Pacific member of the genus-scarce, little-known, and rather small for a billfish. Blue above and silvery below, it usually does not exceed 1.8 m (6 feet) and 27 kg (60 pounds). The species T. belone is a Mediterranean form resembling T. angustirostris.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Sailfish and spearfish have a pan-tropical distribution.
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