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specialization

[spesh-uh-luh-zey-shuh n] /ˌspɛʃ ə ləˈzeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act of specializing, or pursuing a particular line of study or work:
Medical students with high student loans often feel driven into specialization.
2.
Biology. the adaptation of an organism or organ to a special function or environment:
Basic biology suggests the selective pressures leading to convergent evolutionary specialization among desert-dwelling species.
3.
the act of being restricted to some specific, or the act of becoming specialized.
Also, especially British, specialisation.
Origin
Related forms
despecialization, noun
nonspecialization, noun
subspecialization, noun
superspecialization, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for specialisation
  • But in evolution, the price of specialisation is vulnerability to extinction.
  • To them, globalisation meant above all specialisation, and specialisation brings complexity.
  • But their chief contribution to society comes from their area of specialisation.
  • These can be taken broadly or grouped into a specialisation or professional track.
  • Trade also encouraged specialisation, since it rewarded individuals and communities who focus on areas of comparative advantage.
  • He believes that a combination of economies of scale and specialisation can radically reduce the cost of heart surgery.
  • We can summarise it briefly by noting that specialisation is limited by the extent of the market.
Word Origin and History for specialisation
n.

chiefly British English spelling of specialization. For spelling, see -ize.

specialization

n.

1843; see specialize + -ation.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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specialisation in Medicine

specialization spe·cial·i·za·tion (spěsh'ə-lĭ-zā'shən)
n.

  1. The act of specializing.

  2. A specialty.

  3. Adaptation, as of an organ or organism, to a specific function or environment.

  4. See differentiation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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specialisation in Technology


A reduction in generality, usually for the sake of increased efficiency. If a piece of code is specialised for certain values of certain variables (usually function arguments), this is known as "partial evaluation". In a language with overloading (e.g. Haskell), an overloaded function might be specialised to a non-overloaded instance at compile-time if the types of its arguments are known.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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