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specialize

[spesh-uh-lahyz] /ˈspɛʃ əˌlaɪz/
verb (used without object), specialized, specializing.
1.
to pursue some special line of study, work, etc.; have a specialty:
The doctor specializes in gastroenterology.
2.
Biology. (of an organism or one of its organs) to be adapted to a special function or environment.
verb (used with object), specialized, specializing.
3.
to render special or specific; invest with a special character, function, etc.
4.
to adapt to special conditions; restrict to specific limits.
5.
to restrict payment of (a negotiable instrument) by endorsing over to a specific payee.
6.
to specify; particularize.
Also, especially British, specialise.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < French spécialiser. See special, -ize
Related forms
specialization, noun
nonspecialized, adjective
nonspecializing, adjective
overspecialize, verb, overspecialized, overspecializing.
prespecialize, verb (used without object), prespecialized, prespecializing.
subspecialize, verb, subspecialized, subspecializing.
superspecialize, verb (used without object), superspecialized, superspecializing.
unspecialized, adjective
unspecializing, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for specialise
  • The cells of the body specialise at different tasks.
  • And even biographers specialise in exposing feet of clay.
  • Rich countries have more of the former, so specialise in traded goods with a high skill content.
  • Many of the syndicates are ancient and specialise in arcane areas of insurance.
  • If investors choose sector-focused funds they may want to go with firms that specialise in one sector.
  • It does not, however, specialise in the motor industry.
  • Since audit firms tend to specialise by industry, some companies have no choice at all.
  • If they start to specialise too early, there will not be enough bone cells to heal the fracture.
  • Second, its firms specialise in innovative, high-value-added products.
  • They happen when cells specialise so as to become parts of particular body tissues.
British Dictionary definitions for specialise

specialize

/ˈspɛʃəˌlaɪz/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to train in or devote oneself to a particular area of study, occupation, or activity
2.
(usually passive) to cause (organisms or their parts) to develop in a way most suited to a particular environment or way of life or (of organisms, etc) to develop in this way
3.
(transitive) to modify or make suitable for a special use or purpose
4.
(transitive) to mention specifically; specify
5.
(transitive) to endorse (a commercial paper) to a specific payee
Derived Forms
specialization, specialisation, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for specialise

specialize

v.

1610s, "to indicate specially," from special + -ize. Sense of "engage in a special study or line of business" is first attested 1881; biological sense is from 1851. Related: Specialized; specializing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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specialise in Medicine

specialize spe·cial·ize (spěsh'ə-līz')
v. spe·cial·ized, spe·cial·iz·ing, spe·cial·iz·es

  1. To limit one's profession to a particular specialty or subject area for study, research, or treatment.

  2. To adapt to a particular function or environment.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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