specialization

[spesh-uh-luh-zey-shuhn]
noun
1.
the act of specializing, or pursuing a particular line of study or work: Medical students with high student loans often feel driven into specialization.
2.
Biology. the adaptation of an organism or organ to a special function or environment: Basic biology suggests the selective pressures leading to convergent evolutionary specialization among desert-dwelling species.
3.
the act of being restricted to some specific, or the act of becoming specialized.
Also, especially British, specialisation.


Origin:
specializ(e) + -ation

despecialization, noun
nonspecialization, noun
subspecialization, noun
superspecialization, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged

specialize

[spesh-uh-lahyz]
verb (used without object), specialized, specializing.
1.
to pursue some special line of study, work, etc.; have a specialty: The doctor specializes in gastroenterology.
2.
Biology. (of an organism or one of its organs) to be adapted to a special function or environment.
verb (used with object), specialized, specializing.
3.
to render special or specific; invest with a special character, function, etc.
4.
to adapt to special conditions; restrict to specific limits.
5.
to restrict payment of (a negotiable instrument) by endorsing over to a specific payee.
6.
to specify; particularize.
Also, especially British, specialise.


Origin:
1605–15; < French spécialiser. See special, -ize

specialization, noun
nonspecialized, adjective
nonspecializing, adjective
overspecialize, verb, overspecialized, overspecializing.
prespecialize, verb (used without object), prespecialized, prespecializing.
subspecialize, verb, subspecialized, subspecializing.
superspecialize, verb (used without object), superspecialized, superspecializing.
unspecialized, adjective
unspecializing, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
specialize or specialise (ˈspɛʃəˌlaɪz)
 
vb
1.  (intr) to train in or devote oneself to a particular area of study, occupation, or activity
2.  (usually passive) to cause (organisms or their parts) to develop in a way most suited to a particular environment or way of life or (of organisms, etc) to develop in this way
3.  (tr) to modify or make suitable for a special use or purpose
4.  (tr) to mention specifically; specify
5.  (tr) to endorse (a commercial paper) to a specific payee
 
specialise or specialise
 
vb
 
speciali'zation or specialise
 
n
 
speciali'sation or specialise
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

specialize
1616, "to indicate specially," from special (q.v.). Sense of "engage in a special study or line of business" is first attested 1881; biological sense is from 1851. Specialzation is recorded from 1843. Specialist is first attested 1856 (originally in the medical sense).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

specialization spe·cial·i·za·tion (spěsh'ə-lĭ-zā'shən)
n.

  1. The act of specializing.

  2. A specialty.

  3. Adaptation, as of an organ or organism, to a specific function or environment.

  4. See differentiation.

specialize spe·cial·ize (spěsh'ə-līz')
v. spe·cial·ized, spe·cial·iz·ing, spe·cial·iz·es

  1. To limit one's profession to a particular specialty or subject area for study, research, or treatment.

  2. To adapt to a particular function or environment.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences for specializations
For some specializations within conservation this is still the case.
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