noun, plural specialties.
a special or distinctive quality, mark, state, or condition.
a special subject of study, line of work, area of interest, or the like: His specialty is art criticism.
an article or service particularly dealt in, rendered, manufactured, etc., or one to which the provider, dealer, or manufacturer claims to devote special care: The manufacturer's specialty is fine hats.
an article of unusual or superior design or quality.
a novelty; a new article.
an article with such strong consumer demand that it is at least partially removed from price competition.
a special or particular point, item, matter, characteristic, or peculiarity.
a special agreement, contract, etc., expressed in an instrument under seal.
a negotiable instrument not under seal.
performing or performed in a manner that is unusual or not customary for a type of act, especially a performance involving dexterity or ingenuity, as a patter song: specialty actor; specialty act.
(of a song or dance) isolated from the rest of the show: specialty number.
Also, especially British, speciality.

1300–50; Middle English specialte < Middle French especialte < Late Latin speciālitās. See special, -ity

especially, specially, specialty (see synonym study at especially).

3. trademark, stamp, badge, forte.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
specialty (ˈspɛʃəltɪ)
n , pl -ties
1.  law a formal contract or obligation expressed in a deed
2.  (US), (Canadian) a special interest or skill
3.  a.  a service or product specialized in, as at a restaurant: roast beef was a specialty of the house
 b.  (as modifier): a specialty dish
4.  a special or distinguishing feature or characteristic

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

early 14c., from M.Fr. especialte, variant of specialite, from L. specialitatem (nom. specialitas) "peculiarity," from specialis (see special). Speciality is attested from early 15c.; French form spécialité (especially in reference to restaurant dishes) is recorded from 1839.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

specialty spe·cial·ty (spěsh'əl-tē)
A branch of medicine or surgery in which a physician specializes; the field or practice of a specialist.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Veterinary medicine has a number of those same specialties, one of which is
  zoological medicine.
Conscientious, ethical journalists from all media and specialties strive to
  serve the public with thoroughness and honesty.
None of the new specialties is considered more than a focus of research.
They were among the first to see their field as a unified engineering science,
  not merely a collection of isolated specialties.
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