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spell1

[spel] /spɛl/
verb (used with object), spelled or spelt, spelling.
1.
to name, write, or otherwise give the letters, in order, of (a word, syllable, etc.):
Did I spell your name right?
2.
(of letters) to form (a word, syllable, etc.):
The letters spelled a rather rude word.
3.
to read letter by letter or with difficulty (often followed by out):
She painfully spelled out the message.
4.
to discern or find, as if by reading or study (often followed by out).
5.
to signify; amount to:
This delay spells disaster for us.
verb (used without object), spelled or spelt, spelling.
6.
to name, write, or give the letters of words, syllables, etc.:
He spells poorly.
7.
to express words by letters, especially correctly.
Verb phrases
8.
spell down, to outspell others in a spelling match.
9.
spell out,
  1. to explain something explicitly, so that the meaning is unmistakable:
    Must I spell it out for you?
  2. to write out in full or enumerate the letters of which a word is composed:
    The title “Ph.D.” is seldom spelled out.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English spellen < Old French espeller < Germanic; compare Old English spellian to talk, announce (derivative of spell spell2), Old High German -spellōn, Old Norse spjalla, Gothic spillōn
Related forms
spellable, adjective
unspellable, adjective
Synonyms
5. foretell, portend, mean, promise.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for spell out

spell out

verb (transitive, adverb)
1.
to make clear, distinct, or explicit; clarify in detail let me spell out the implications
2.
to read laboriously or with difficulty, working out each word letter by letter
3.
to discern by study; puzzle out

spell1

/spɛl/
verb spells, spelling, spelt, spelled
1.
to write or name in correct order the letters that comprise the conventionally accepted form of (a word or part of a word)
2.
(transitive) (of letters) to go to make up the conventionally established form of (a word) when arranged correctly d-o-g spells dog
3.
(transitive) to indicate or signify such actions spell disaster for our cause
See also spell out
Derived Forms
spellable, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French espeller, of Germanic origin; related to Old Norse spialla to talk, Middle High German spellen

spell2

/spɛl/
noun
1.
a verbal formula considered as having magical force
2.
any influence that can control the mind or character; fascination
3.
a state induced by or as if by the pronouncing of a spell; trance to break the spell
4.
under a spell, held in or as if in a spell
verb
5.
(transitive) (rare) to place under a spell
Word Origin
Old English spell speech; related to Old Norse spjall tale, Gothic spill, Old High German spel

spell3

/spɛl/
noun
1.
an indeterminate, usually short, period of time a spell of cold weather
2.
a period or tour of duty after which one person or group relieves another
3.
(Scot & Austral, NZ) a period or interval of rest
verb
4.
(transitive) to take over from (a person) for an interval of time; relieve temporarily
5.
(NZ) spell a paddock, to give a field a rest period by letting it lie fallow
Word Origin
Old English spelian to take the place of, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for spell out
spell
"name the letters of," O.E. spellian "to tell, speak," infl. by O.Fr. espeller "declare, spell," from Frank. *spellon "to tell;" both O.E. and Frank. from P.Gmc. *spellan (cf. O.H.G. spellon "to tell," O.N. spjalla, Goth. spillon "to talk, tell"), from PIE *spel- "to say aloud, recite." Meaning "write or say the letters of a word" is c.1400, from notion of "read letter by letter, read with difficulty" (c.1300). Spell out "explain step-by-step" is first recorded 1940, Amer.Eng. Spelling bee is from 1878 (earlier simply spelling, 1860).
spell
"incantation, charm," O.E. spell "story, speech," from P.Gmc. *spellan (cf. O.N. spjall, O.H.G. spel, Goth. spill "report, discourse, tale;" Ger. Beispiel "example;" see spell (v.1)). Meaning "set of words with magical powers, incantation, charm" first recorded 1579. Spellbound is attested from 1799, from bound "fastened."
"The term 'spell' is generally used for magical procedures which cause harm, or force people to do something against their will -- unlike charms for healing, protection, etc." ["Oxford Dictionary of English Folklore"]
spell
"work in place of (another)," O.E. spelian "to take the place of," related to gespelia "substitute," of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to spilian "to play" (see spiel). The noun meaning "indefinite period of time" first recorded 1706.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for spell out

spell out

verb phrase
  1. To explain; define: a commission of distinguished citizens to spell out the difference between right and wrong (1707+)
  2. To explain very patiently in great detail: Are you a schoolboy I have to spell out everything for you? (1940+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with spell out
.
Make plain, clarify, as in We asked her to spell out her objectives. [ c. 1940 ]
.
Read slowly and laboriously, as in He was only six but he managed to spell out the instructions. [ Early 1800s ]
.
Puzzle out, manage to understand with some effort, as in It took years before anyone could spell out the inscriptions on the Rosetta Stone. [ Late 1600s ]
All three usages transfer spell in the sense of “proceed letter by letter.”
In addition to the idiom beginning with
spell
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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