spells down


1 [spel]
verb (used with object), spelled or spelt, spelling.
to name, write, or otherwise give the letters, in order, of (a word, syllable, etc.): Did I spell your name right?
(of letters) to form (a word, syllable, etc.): The letters spelled a rather rude word.
to read letter by letter or with difficulty (often followed by out ): She painfully spelled out the message.
to discern or find, as if by reading or study (often followed by out ).
to signify; amount to: This delay spells disaster for us.
verb (used without object), spelled or spelt, spelling.
to name, write, or give the letters of words, syllables, etc.: He spells poorly.
to express words by letters, especially correctly.
Verb phrases
spell down, to outspell others in a spelling match.
spell out,
to explain something explicitly, so that the meaning is unmistakable: Must I spell it out for you?
to write out in full or enumerate the letters of which a word is composed: The title “Ph.D.” is seldom spelled out.

1250–1300; Middle English spellen < Old French espeller < Germanic; compare Old English spellian to talk, announce (derivative of spell spell2), Old High German -spellōn, Old Norse spjalla, Gothic spillōn

spellable, adjective
unspellable, adjective

5. foretell, portend, mean, promise.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
spell1 (spɛl)
vb , spells, spelling, spelt, spelled
1.  to write or name in correct order the letters that comprise the conventionally accepted form of (a word or part of a word)
2.  (tr) (of letters) to go to make up the conventionally established form of (a word) when arranged correctly: d-o-g spells dog
3.  (tr) to indicate or signify: such actions spell disaster for our cause
[C13: from Old French espeller, of Germanic origin; related to Old Norse spialla to talk, Middle High German spellen]

spell2 (spɛl)
1.  a verbal formula considered as having magical force
2.  any influence that can control the mind or character; fascination
3.  a state induced by or as if by the pronouncing of a spell; trance: to break the spell
4.  under a spell held in or as if in a spell
5.  rare (tr) to place under a spell
[Old English spell speech; related to Old Norse spjall tale, Gothic spill, Old High German spel]

spell3 (spɛl)
1.  an indeterminate, usually short, period of time: a spell of cold weather
2.  a period or tour of duty after which one person or group relieves another
3.  (Scot), (Austral), (NZ) a period or interval of rest
4.  (tr) to take over from (a person) for an interval of time; relieve temporarily
5.  (NZ) spell a paddock to give a field a rest period by letting it lie fallow
[Old English spelian to take the place of, of obscure origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"name the letters of," O.E. spellian "to tell, speak," infl. by O.Fr. espeller "declare, spell," from Frank. *spellon "to tell;" both O.E. and Frank. from P.Gmc. *spellan (cf. O.H.G. spellon "to tell," O.N. spjalla, Goth. spillon "to talk, tell"), from PIE *spel- "to say aloud, recite." Meaning "write
or say the letters of a word" is c.1400, from notion of "read letter by letter, read with difficulty" (c.1300). Spell out "explain step-by-step" is first recorded 1940, Amer.Eng. Spelling bee is from 1878 (earlier simply spelling, 1860).

"incantation, charm," O.E. spell "story, speech," from P.Gmc. *spellan (cf. O.N. spjall, O.H.G. spel, Goth. spill "report, discourse, tale;" Ger. Beispiel "example;" see spell (v.1)). Meaning "set of words with magical powers, incantation, charm" first recorded 1579. Spellbound
is attested from 1799, from bound "fastened."
"The term 'spell' is generally used for magical procedures which cause harm, or force people to do something against their will -- unlike charms for healing, protection, etc." ["Oxford Dictionary of English Folklore"]

"work in place of (another)," O.E. spelian "to take the place of," related to gespelia "substitute," of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to spilian "to play" (see spiel). The noun meaning "indefinite period of time" first recorded 1706.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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