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Denotation vs. Connotation

spelt1

[spelt] /spɛlt/
verb
1.
a simple past tense and past participle of spell1 .

spelt2

[spelt] /spɛlt/
noun
1.
a wheat, Triticum aestivum spelta, native to southern Europe and western Asia, used for livestock feed and as a grain for human consumption.
Origin of spelt2
1000
before 1000; Middle English, Old English < Late Latin spelta, probably < Germanic; compare Old High German spelza (German Spelt)

spell1

[spel] /spɛl/
verb (used with object), spelled or spelt, spelling.
1.
to name, write, or otherwise give the letters, in order, of (a word, syllable, etc.):
Did I spell your name right?
2.
(of letters) to form (a word, syllable, etc.):
The letters spelled a rather rude word.
3.
to read letter by letter or with difficulty (often followed by out):
She painfully spelled out the message.
4.
to discern or find, as if by reading or study (often followed by out).
5.
to signify; amount to:
This delay spells disaster for us.
verb (used without object), spelled or spelt, spelling.
6.
to name, write, or give the letters of words, syllables, etc.:
He spells poorly.
7.
to express words by letters, especially correctly.
Verb phrases
8.
spell down, to outspell others in a spelling match.
9.
spell out,
  1. to explain something explicitly, so that the meaning is unmistakable:
    Must I spell it out for you?
  2. to write out in full or enumerate the letters of which a word is composed:
    The title “Ph.D.” is seldom spelled out.
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English spellen < Old French espeller < Germanic; compare Old English spellian to talk, announce (derivative of spell spell2), Old High German -spellōn, Old Norse spjalla, Gothic spillōn
Related forms
spellable, adjective
unspellable, adjective
Synonyms
5. foretell, portend, mean, promise.

spell3

[spel] /spɛl/
noun
1.
a continuous course or period of work or other activity:
to take a spell at the wheel.
2.
a turn of work so taken.
3.
a turn, bout, fit, or period of anything experienced or occurring:
a spell of coughing.
4.
an indefinite interval or space of time:
Come visit us for a spell.
5.
a period of weather of a specified kind:
a hot spell.
6.
Australian. a rest period.
7.
Archaic. a person or set of persons taking a turn of work to relieve another.
verb (used with object)
8.
to take the place of for a time; relieve:
Let me spell you at the wheel.
9.
Australian. to declare or give a rest period to.
verb (used without object)
10.
Australian. to have or take a rest period.
Origin
1585-95; (v.) alteration of earlier spele to stand instead of, relieve, spare, Middle English spelen, Old English spelian; akin to Old English spala, gespelia a substitute; (noun) akin to the v. (perhaps continuing Old English gespelia)
Synonyms
4. while, bit, piece.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for spelt
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Fuller mentions that the name of Villers was spelt fourteen different ways in the deeds of that family.

  • Next day I received her reply, every word of which spelt despair.

    The Memoires of Casanova, Complete Jacques Casanova de Seingalt
  • That's where Emmeline Camp lives that was a Jones an' spelt out o' my spellin'-book!

    Four Girls and a Compact Annie Hamilton Donnell
  • It is spelt by us with a y in the first syllable, as it was spelt with the corresponding in the Greek.

    English Past and Present Richard Chevenix Trench
  • When spelt paleis, it must not be confused with paleis, a palace.

  • And you have spelt 'his' with a capital 'H'—when you know my dislike of that practice!

    Brother Copas Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch
  • What one man has spelt out from it may remain incomprehensible to another.

    Stained Glass Tours in France Charles Hitchcock Sherrill
  • She pronounced it just as it was spelt, and her father said that ought to be the rule with every language.

    A Jolly Fellowship Frank R. Stockton
  • It was much better she should have her friends, and he his—spelt wrong: ei instead of ie.

    It Never Can Happen Again William De Morgan
British Dictionary definitions for spelt

spelt1

/spɛlt/
verb
1.
a past tense and past participle of spell1

spelt2

/spɛlt/
noun
1.
a species of wheat, Triticum spelta, that was formerly much cultivated and was used to develop present-day cultivated wheats
Word Origin
Old English; related to Old Saxon spelta, Old High German spelza

spell1

/spɛl/
verb spells, spelling, spelt, spelled
1.
to write or name in correct order the letters that comprise the conventionally accepted form of (a word or part of a word)
2.
(transitive) (of letters) to go to make up the conventionally established form of (a word) when arranged correctly: d-o-g spells dog
3.
(transitive) to indicate or signify: such actions spell disaster for our cause
See also spell out
Derived Forms
spellable, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French espeller, of Germanic origin; related to Old Norse spialla to talk, Middle High German spellen

spell2

/spɛl/
noun
1.
a verbal formula considered as having magical force
2.
any influence that can control the mind or character; fascination
3.
a state induced by or as if by the pronouncing of a spell; trance: to break the spell
4.
under a spell, held in or as if in a spell
verb
5.
(transitive) (rare) to place under a spell
Word Origin
Old English spell speech; related to Old Norse spjall tale, Gothic spill, Old High German spel

spell3

/spɛl/
noun
1.
an indeterminate, usually short, period of time: a spell of cold weather
2.
a period or tour of duty after which one person or group relieves another
3.
(Scot & Austral, NZ) a period or interval of rest
verb
4.
(transitive) to take over from (a person) for an interval of time; relieve temporarily
5.
(NZ) spell a paddock, to give a field a rest period by letting it lie fallow
Word Origin
Old English spelian to take the place of, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for spelt
n.

Old English spelt, perhaps an early borrowing from Late Latin spelta "spelt" (c.400, noted as a foreign word), which is perhaps ultimately from PIE root *spel- "to split, to break off" (probably in reference to the splitting of its husks in threshing), which is related to the root of flint.

The word had little currency in English, and its history is discontinuous. Widespread in Romanic languages (cf. Italian spelta, Spanish espelta, Old French spelte, Modern French épeautre). The word also is widespread in Germanic (cf. Old High German spelta, German Spelt), and a Germanic language is perhaps the source of the Late Latin word.

spell

v.

"name the letters of," Old English spellian "to tell, speak," infl. by Old French espeller "declare, spell," from Frankish *spellon "to tell;" both Old English and Frankish from Proto-Germanic *spellan (cf. Old High German spellon "to tell," Old Norse spjalla, Gothic spillon "to talk, tell"), from PIE *spel- "to say aloud, recite." Related: Spelled; spelling.

Meaning "write or say the letters of a word" is c.1400, from notion of "read letter by letter, read with difficulty" (c.1300). Spell out "explain step-by-step" is first recorded 1940, American English. Spelling bee is from 1878 (earlier simply spelling, 1860).

"work in place of (another)," Old English spelian "to take the place of," related to gespelia "substitute," of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to spilian "to play" (see spiel). Related: Spelled; spelling. The noun meaning "indefinite period of time" first recorded 1706.

n.

"incantation, charm," Old English spell "story, speech," from Proto-Germanic *spellan (cf. Old Norse spjall, Old High German spel, Gothic spill "report, discourse, tale;" German Beispiel "example;" see spell (v.1)). Meaning "set of words with magical powers, incantation, charm" first recorded 1570s.

The term 'spell' is generally used for magical procedures which cause harm, or force people to do something against their will -- unlike charms for healing, protection, etc. ["Oxford Dictionary of English Folklore"]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with spelt

spell

In addition to the idiom beginning with
spell
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Difficulty index for spelt

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Word Value for spelt

7
9
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