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spouse

[n. spous, spouz; v. spouz, spous] /n. spaʊs, spaʊz; v. spaʊz, spaʊs/
noun
1.
either member of a married pair in relation to the other; one's husband or wife.
verb (used with object), spoused, spousing.
2.
Obsolete. to join, give, or take in marriage.
Origin
1150-1200
1150-1200; (noun) Middle English < Old French spous (masculine), spouse (feminine) (aphetic for espous, espouse) < Latin spōnsus, spōnsa literally, pledged (man, woman) (noun uses of past participle of spondēre to pledge), equivalent to spond- verb stem + -tus, -ta past participle suffix; (v.) Middle English spousen < Old French esp(o)user; cf. espouse
Related forms
spousehood, noun
spouseless, adjective
unspoused, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for spouseless

spouse

noun (spaʊs; spaʊz)
1.
a person's partner in marriage related adjective spousal
verb (spaʊz; spaʊs)
2.
(transitive) (obsolete) to marry
Word Origin
C12: from Old French spus (masculine), spuse (feminine), from Latin sponsus, sponsa betrothed man or woman, from spondēre to promise solemnly
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for spouseless

spouse

n.

c.1200, "a married woman in relation to her husband" (also of men), from Old French spus (fem. spuse), from Latin sponsus "bridegroom" (fem. sponsa "bride"), from masc. and fem. past participle of spondere "to bind oneself, promise solemnly," from PIE *spend- "to make an offering, perform a rite" (see spondee). Spouse-breach (early 13c.) was an old name for "adultery."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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spouseless in the Bible

(Cant. 4:8-12; Hos. 4:13, 14) may denote either husband or wife, but in the Scriptures it denotes only the latter.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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