[n. spous, spouz; v. spouz, spous]
either member of a married pair in relation to the other; one's husband or wife.
verb (used with object), spoused, spousing.
Obsolete. to join, give, or take in marriage.

1150–1200; (noun) Middle English < Old French spous (masculine), spouse (feminine) (aphetic for espous, espouse) < Latin spōnsus, spōnsa literally, pledged (man, woman) (noun uses of past participle of spondēre to pledge), equivalent to spond- verb stem + -tus, -ta past participle suffix; (v.) Middle English spousen < Old French esp(o)user; cf. espouse

spousehood, noun
spouseless, adjective
unspoused, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
1.  a person's partner in marriageRelated: spousal
2.  obsolete (tr) to marry
Related: spousal
[C12: from Old French spus (masculine), spuse (feminine), from Latin sponsus, sponsa betrothed man or woman, from spondēre to promise solemnly]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1200, "a married woman in relation to her husband" (also of men), from O.Fr. spus (fem. spuse), from L. sponsus "bridegroom" (fem. sponsa "bride"), from masc. and fem. pp. of spondere "to bind oneself, promise solemnly," from PIE *spend- "to make an offering, perform a rite" (see
spondee). Spouse-breach (early 13c.) was an old name for "adultery."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Spouse definition

(Cant. 4:8-12; Hos. 4:13, 14) may denote either husband or wife, but in the Scriptures it denotes only the latter.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
The ban on agents crumbled within days, but the ban on spouses held.
The ones that still puzzle me, however, are the ones for spouses.
For unhappy spouses, divorce offers a way to escape a troubled or even abusive
  relationship and make a fresh start.
They'd recently left their spouses and moved in together.
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